Birthstones have long been associated with each month of the year, making them a popular choice for jewellery and gifts. These precious gems hold a special significance, believed to bring good luck and protection to those who wear them. From January’s deep red garnet to December’s vibrant turquoise, each month’s birthstone has a unique story and meaning behind it. Join us as we explore the fascinating history and symbolism of birthstones in this blog post.

Understanding Birthstones: Origin and Significance

Birthstones have a rich history that dates back centuries, and understanding their origin and significance adds depth and meaning to these precious gems. Their concept can be traced back to biblical times, with references in the Book of Exodus. The high priest’s breastplate was adorned with twelve precious stones, each representing one of the twelve tribes of Israel. This early association between gemstones and months of the year laid the foundation for the birthstone tradition we know today.

Over time, different cultures developed their own interpretations of birthstones, further enhancing their significance. Ancient civilisations believed that they possessed mystical powers and were able to bestow good luck and protection upon the wearer. These beliefs have been passed down through generations, and birthstones continue to be cherished as symbols of personal connection and spirituality.

In addition to their symbolic meanings, birthstones are also treasured for their unique beauty. Each gemstone has its own distinct colour, cut, and sparkle, making them a stunning choice for jewellery. Whether it’s the deep red of a garnet or the vibrant turquoise of December’s birthstone, each month’s gem carries its own allure.

Journey Through the Year: A Detailed Look at Each Month’s Birthstone

As we journey through the year, we come across a beautiful array of birthstones, each with its own captivating story and meaning.

In January, the deep red garnet takes centre stage. Known for its rich colour and stunning brilliance, this gem is said to symbolise love, friendship, and trust. It is believed to bring good luck and protection to those born in the first month of the year.

As we move into February, the amethyst shines with its enchanting purple hues. This gem is associated with clarity of mind, wisdom, and inner strength. It is believed to have healing properties and is often worn to promote calmness and balance.

March brings us the mesmerising aquamarine, with its serene blue colour reminiscent of the ocean. Representing youth, hope, and courage, it is said to bring inner peace and is often worn as a talisman for safe travels.

The enchanting diamond takes the spotlight in April, known for its unparalleled beauty and everlasting sparkle. The diamond symbolises purity, strength, and everlasting love. It is a popular choice for engagement rings, as it represents eternal commitment.

May brings us the vibrant emerald, known for its deep green colour and captivating allure. This gem symbolises rebirth, fertility, and love. It is said to promote balance and harmony in relationships.

June’s birthstone is the timeless pearl, renowned for its elegant and classic beauty. Representing purity, innocence, and wisdom, the pearl is often associated with femininity and is believed to enhance the wearer’s intuition.

As we enter July, the fiery ruby captures our attention with its intense red hue. This gem symbolises passion, courage, and love. It is believed to bring vitality and energy to the wearer.

In August, the peridot shines with its vibrant green colour. Peridot represents strength, confidence, and protection. It is believed to ward off negative energy and promote harmony in relationships.

The exquisite sapphire takes the stage in September, with its deep blue colour symbolising wisdom, loyalty, and nobility. It is said to bring clarity of thought and promote spiritual enlightenment.

October brings us the mesmerising opal, with its unique play of colours. This gem represents creativity, inspiration, and passion. It is believed to enhance intuition and imagination.

November showcases the topaz and citrine as its birthstones. Topaz represents love and affection, while citrine symbolises abundance, happiness, and prosperity.

Finally, December presents the vibrant turquoise as its birthstone. Turquoise is associated with protection, positivity, and good fortune. It is believed to bring peace and balance to the wearer.

Each birthstone holds its own significance and beauty, making them a wonderful choice for personalised jewellery. Explore the birthstone of your birth month or choose one that resonates with you. The possibilities are endless, and our skilled designers are here to help you create a truly meaningful and unique piece.

Symbolism and Beliefs Surrounding Birthstones

Birthstones have always held a special place in our hearts, not only for their aesthetic appeal but also for the symbolism and beliefs associated with them. Throughout history, birthstones have been believed to possess mystical properties and hold significant meaning for those who wear them.

Each birthstone is said to carry unique energies and attributes that align with the characteristics and needs of individuals born in that particular month. For example, garnets are believed to bring good luck and protection to those born in January, whilst emeralds are said to promote love and balance for those born in May.

In addition to their individual symbolism, birthstones are also believed to have healing properties. For centuries, gemstones have been used as a form of therapy and protection, with each stone offering its own distinct benefits. Whether it’s the calming properties of amethyst or the energy-enhancing qualities of rubies, birthstones can be worn as talismans to promote well-being and positive energy.

Furthermore, birthstones are a meaningful way to honour and celebrate personal connections. They can be passed down through generations, creating a sense of family heritage and connection. Many people also choose to incorporate these symbols into their jewellery as a way to commemorate special milestones and moments in life.

birthstonesPersonalising Jewellery with Birthstones: Ideas and Inspiration

At The Goldmarket, we understand that personalisation is key when it comes to jewellery. That’s why we offer a range of options for personalising your birthstone jewellery, allowing you to create a truly unique and meaningful piece.
One popular option is to incorporate birthstones into a custom-designed piece of jewellery. Our skilled designers can work with you to create a design that reflects your personal style and preferences, whilst showcasing the beauty of your birthstone.

Whether you prefer a simple and elegant pendant or a statement ring, we can bring your vision to life.
Another idea is to combine birthstones with other meaningful symbols or initials to create a personalised charm bracelet or necklace. This allows you to create a piece that not only represents your birth month but also celebrates other special people or moments in your life.

How to Care for Your Birthstone Jewellery

Taking proper care of your birthstone jewellery is essential to ensure its longevity and keep it looking its best. Here are some tips on how to care for your precious gemstone pieces:

1. Cleaning: Regularly clean your birthstone jewellery to remove dirt and oil buildup. Use a mild soap and warm water solution, and gently scrub the gemstone with a soft brush or cloth. Avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive materials that can damage the gemstone.
2. Storage: When you’re not wearing your birthstone jewellery, store it in a soft pouch or a separate compartment in a jewellery box to prevent scratching or damage. Avoid storing different gemstones together, as they can scratch each other.
3. Avoid exposure to harsh chemicals: Certain chemicals, such as chlorine and bleach, can damage or discolour gemstones. Remove your birthstone jewellery before swimming, cleaning, or using any household chemicals.
4. Protect from physical damage: Gemstones are susceptible to chips and scratches, so be mindful of wearing your birthstone jewellery during activities that may cause impact or abrasion. It’s a good idea to remove your jewellery when engaging in sports, gardening, or other physically demanding activities.
5. Regular inspections: Periodically inspect your birthstone jewellery for loose or damaged gemstones, as well as any signs of wear and tear. If you notice any issues, it’s best to take your jewellery to a professional jeweller for repair.

Final Thoughts and Invitation for a Personalised Consultation

At The Goldmarket, we believe that birthstone jewellery is not just about beautiful gems, but also about personal connection and meaningful stories. We understand that finding the perfect piece of jewellery to celebrate your birth month or commemorate a special moment can be a daunting task. That’s why we’re here to help.

We offer a range of options for personalising your birthstone jewellery, whether it’s custom-designing a piece from scratch or adding birthstone initials to an existing piece. You can also check out our extensive range of stock for something that catches your eye.

We pride ourselves on our craftsmanship and attention to detail, ensuring that every piece of jewellery we create or sell is of the highest quality. We also understand the importance of affordability, which is why we offer a range of options to suit every budget.

If you’re unsure about where to start or need guidance on the best design for your birthstone jewellery, we invite you to schedule a free consultation with our team. We’ll take the time to understand your preferences and provide you with a no-obligation quote. Let us help you create a piece of jewellery that is as unique as you are, and holds special meaning for years to come. Contact us on 01934 628361 or visit us at our Weston super Mare store. 

There are no hard and fast rules when it comes to wearing jewellery, For some, it is all about personal choice with no rules, while others like to make sure everything is exactly as it should be. We take a look at some general guidelines that can help you create a stylish and coordinated look.

Match the Metal

The most common metals for jewellery are gold, silver, and platinum. It’s generally best to stick to one metal per outfit, but you can mix if you do it carefully. For example, you could wear a gold necklace with silver earrings or a platinum bracelet with a gold ring if you wanted to. 

Many people prefer to stick to one colour metal. You could match platinum with white gold and silver – in these cases, no one can tell that your metal is different (unless, like us, they are trained experts). It becomes a little trickier when matching different colours like rose gold and yellow gold. Rose gold will go much better with platinum or white gold than it will with yellow. 

Consider the Colour of Your Clothing

When choosing jewellery, it’s also a good idea to consider the colours of your outfit. If you’re wearing a lot of bright colours, you can be more creative with your jewellery. But if you’re wearing more neutral colours, you might want to choose more understated pieces. 

Different metals work best with different colours too

  • Silver jewellery is a classic choice that goes well with a variety of colours, including black, navy, and gray. It can also be worn with lighter colours, but it will be more noticeable.
  • Gold is a warmer colour that goes well with warmer tones, such as brown, orange, and red. It can also be worn with neutral colours, but it will be more noticeable.
  • Platinum is a silvery-white metal that is similar to silver, but it is more expensive. It goes well with a variety of colours, but it is especially flattering with black and white clothing.
  • Colourful jewelry can be a great way to add some personality to your outfit. When choosing bolder pieces, it is important to consider the colors of your clothing and your skin tone. For example, if you have fair skin, you might want to choose jewellery with cooler colours, such as blue or green. If you have dark skin, you might want to choose warmer tones, such as red or orange.

Pay Attention to the Neckline of Your Clothing

The neckline of your clothing can also affect the way jewelry looks. For example, a long necklace will look best with a low neckline, while a shorter necklace will look better with a higher neckline. With some necklaces, it is advisable to forgo the necklace as it can look a little cluttered. 

Don’t Overdo it

It’s important not to overdo it. Too much jewellery can be overwhelming and detract from your outfit. A good rule of thumb is to choose one or two statement pieces and then add some more subtle pieces to complement them.

Tips for Wearing Different Types of Jewellery

  • Necklaces can be a great way to add length and definition to your outfit. They can also help to draw attention to your face. When choosing a necklace, consider the neckline of your clothing and the length of the necklace. A long necklace will look best with a low neckline, while a shorter one will look better with a higher neckline.
  • Earrings are a great way to add personality to your outfit. They can also help to balance out your face shape. When choosing earrings, consider the shape of your face and the style of your outfit. For example, if you have a round face, you might want to choose earrings that are long and dangling.
  • Bracelets can add a touch of glamour to your outfit. They can also be used to stack different pieces together for a more unique look. When choosing bracelets, consider the style of your outfit and the metal you want to wear.
  • Rings are a classic piece of jewellery that can be worn for any occasion. They can be used to add a touch of sparkle to your outfit or to make a statement. When choosing rings, consider the size of your fingers and the style of your outfit.

Ultimately, the best way to choose the items that best suit the look is to experiment and find what works best for you. There are no right or wrong answers, so have fun with it and see what you can create!

Why not come along to The Goldmarket and discover our extensive range of jewellery. We have lots in stock but if we don’t have what you are looking for, we can often source it for you. We also offer a bespoke design and creation service so you could commission us to make something special.


The engagement ring is a symbol of love and commitment that has been around for centuries. The tradition of giving an engagement ring can be traced back to ancient Egypt, where rings were given as a sign of ownership. In Roman times, rings were also given as a symbol of marriage, and the tradition continued throughout the Middle Ages.

Why Diamonds?

In the 15th century, diamonds became the most popular gemstone for engagement rings. This was due in part to the discovery of large diamond deposits in Brazil, which made diamonds more accessible and affordable. The first recorded diamond engagement ring was given in 1477 by Archduke Maximillian of Austria to his betrothed, Mary of Burgundy.

ancient ring

Unique Ancient Bronze Stone Ring, Excavated Artifact, 13th-17th Century AD.

The popularity of diamond engagement rings continued to grow in the 16th and 17th centuries. During this time, it became customary for the groom to spend one month’s salary on an engagement ring. This tradition still holds true today, although the cost of engagement rings has increased significantly in recent years.

Popularity Grew

In the 19th century, the engagement ring became even more popular as a symbol of love and commitment. This was due in part to the rise of the romantic novel, which often featured engagement rings as a sign of the hero’s love for the heroine.

The tradition of giving an engagement ring has continued to this day, and it remains one of the most popular ways to propose marriage. While the style and cost of engagement rings have changed over the years, the meaning of the ring has remained the same: it is a symbol of love, commitment, and a promise for the future.

Let’s take a look at some of the key moments in the history of the engagement ring:

  • Ancient Egypt: Rings were given as a sign of ownership.
  • Roman Empire: Rings were given as a symbol of marriage.
  • 15th century: Diamonds became the most popular gemstone for engagement rings.
  • 16th and 17th centuries: It became customary for the groom to spend one month’s salary on an engagement ring.
  • 19th century: The engagement ring became even more popular as a symbol of love and commitment.
  • 20th century: The diamond engagement ring became the standard in Western cultures.
  • 21st century: Engagement rings continue to be popular, but there is more variety in style and cost.

The Different Types of Engagement Ring

Solitaire: A solitaire engagement ring features a single center stone, which is usually a diamond. This is the most classic and popular style of engagement ring.

Halo: A halo engagement ring features a center stone surrounded by a halo of smaller diamonds. This style is popular because it makes the center stone look larger and more glamorous.

Three-stone: A three-stone engagement ring features three stones, usually a larger center stone flanked by two smaller stones. This style is symbolic of the past, present, and future.

Pavé: A pavé engagement ring features a band that is set with small diamonds or other gemstones. This style is popular because it is very sparkly and eye-catching.

Eternity: An eternity engagement ring features a band that is set with diamonds or other gemstones all the way around. This style is symbolic of eternal love. Usually given on the birth of a child or for a significant occasion however, they can be used as engagement ring. 

Additional factors to consider when choosing an engagement ring:

  • The size and shape of the center stone will have a big impact on the overall look of the ring. If you want a classic look, you might choose a round brilliant diamond. If you want something more unique, you might choose a pear-shaped diamond or an emerald-cut diamond.
  • The metal band of the ring can also affect the overall look. The most popular metal bands are platinum, gold, and silver. Platinum is the most durable metal, while gold is the most affordable. Silver is a good option if you are looking for a more casual look.
  • The setting of the ring refers to how the center stone is mounted in the band. There are many different settings available, such as prong, bezel, and cathedral. The setting will affect the way the light reflects off of the center stone, so it is important to choose a setting that you think looks good.
  • The budget: Engagement rings can range in price from a few hundred dollars to several thousand dollars. It is important to set a budget before you start shopping so that you do not overspend.

The Future of the Engagement Ring

It is impossible to say for sure what the future holds for the engagement ring. However, it is likely that the tradition will continue to evolve. As new gemstones become available and new trends emerge, engagement rings will continue to change. However, the meaning of the ring is likely to remain the same: it is a symbol of love, commitment, and a promise for the future.


The engagement ring is a symbol with a long and rich history. It is a symbol of love, commitment, and a promise for the future. While the style and cost of engagement rings have changed over the years, the meaning of the ring has remained the same. It is a tradition that is likely to continue for many years to come.

If you are looking for something special, perhaps a bespoke design, we can help. In addition to having many engagement rings in stock here at The Goldmarket, we can also help you create your very own individual design. 


Gemstones have been prized for their beauty and rarity for centuries. They are used in jewellery, adornments, and religious ceremonies around the world. But what is it about gemstones that makes them so special, and so sought after?

What makes gemstones unique?

There are a number of factors that make gemstones unique: 

They are all-natural minerals, which means that they were formed over millions of years by the Earth’s geological processes. This gives them a unique beauty and character that is unlike anything else in nature. 

Gemstones are often very rare. This is because the conditions necessary for their formation are very specific. For example, diamonds are formed deep underground under extreme heat and pressure. This makes them one of the rarest and most precious gemstones in the world.

They come in a wide variety of colours, which is another thing that makes them so special. The colour of a gemstone is determined by the presence of certain impurities in the mineral. For example, the red colour of rubies is caused by the presence of chromium, while the blue colour of sapphires is caused by the presence of titanium. In actual fact, they are both varieties of corundum. Ruby is red corundum and gets is colour from the presence of chromium. All other varieties of corundum are classed as sapphire which may contain a mix of chromium, titanium and iron traces. 

There are four main precious gemstones 

As well as the aforementioned diamonds, sapphires and rubies, emeralds are the fourth of the main precious gemstones. 

Emeralds are a type of gemstone, coloured green by trace amounts of chromium or vanadium. They are a variety of the mineral beryl, which also includes aquamarine and morganite. They are typically found in shades of green, ranging from yellow-green to blue-green. The most desirable emeralds have a medium to dark tone and a vivid saturation of color. 

The price of a precious gemstone is determined by a number of factors, including its size, color, clarity, and cut. 

Some believe they have special powers

In addition to their beauty and rarity, gemstones are also believed to have special powers. For centuries, people have believed that gemstones can bring good luck, health, and protection. There is no scientific evidence to support these claims, but they continue to be popular beliefs.

Whether you believe in their magical properties or not, there is no denying that gemstones are truly special objects. They are a reminder of the beauty and power of nature, and they have been cherished by people for centuries.

Interesting facts about gemstones:

  • The hardest gemstone is the diamond, with a Mohs hardness of 10. The softest gemstone is talc, with a Mohs hardness of 1.
  • The most expensive gemstone is the blue diamond. The Hope Diamond, a 45.52-carat blue diamond, is estimated to be worth over $250 million.
  • The most popular gemstone in the world is the diamond. Diamonds are used in engagement rings and other jewellery all over the world.
  • Gemstones can be used for healing purposes. Some people believe that gemstones can help to improve health, promote well-being, and protect against negative energy.
  • Gemstones can also be used for meditation and spiritual practices. Some people believe that gemstones can help to connect with the divine and promote spiritual growth.

Did you know? More than 50% of the world’s emeralds come from Columbia. 

Sure, here is a UK gemstone blog post:

The prettiest gemstones in the UK

The UK is home to some of the most beautiful gemstones in the world. From the deep blue of the Scottish sapphires to the fiery red of the Cornish rubies, there is a gemstone for everyone to love.

Here are a few of the prettiest gemstones found in the UK:

  • Scottish Sapphires: Scottish sapphires are known for their deep blue color and their clarity. They are often used in jewelry and are considered to be one of the most valuable gemstones in the world.
  • Cornish Rubies: Cornish rubies are known for their rich red color and their durability. They are often used in jewelry and are considered to be one of the most valuable gemstones in the UK.
  • Lakeland Greenstones: Lakeland Greenstones are known for their unique green color and their rarity. They are often used in jewelry and are considered to be one of the most collectible gemstones in the UK.
  • Devonshire Diamonds: Devonshire diamonds are known for their small size and their clarity. They are often used in jewelry and are considered to be one of the most affordable gemstones in the UK.
  • Yorkshire Jet: Yorkshire jet is a type of black gemstone that is known for its deep color and its ability to polish to a high shine. It is often used in jewelry and is considered to be one of the most unique gemstones in the UK.

The national gemstone of England

While the UK does not have an official national gemstone, the Koh-i-Noor diamond is often considered to be the unofficial gemstone of England. The Koh-i-Noor is a 105.6 carat diamond that is believed to have originated in India. It has been owned by several different rulers over the centuries, including the Mughal Empire, the British East India Company, and the British Crown. The Koh-i-Noor is currently on display in the Tower of London.


The Koh i Noor diamond sits in the front cross of St Marys Crown worn for the coronation of Queen Camilla

At The Goldmarket, we stock a variety of gemstone jewellery from exquisite diamond, sapphire, ruby and emerald pieces to amethyst, topaz and amber. We can create bespoke pieces using the gemstones of your choice and can also undertake a variety of repairs. For more information come in and see us at 23 High Street, Weston super Mare or call us on 01934 628361. 


Gold – in essence it’s a metal, a chemical element that is found in the ground. But why is gold so valuable, why does it incite such fascination and how did it become to be as coveted as it is today?

What is Gold?

Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au and atomic number 79. It is a bright, slightly orange-yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal in pure form. Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element.

The History of Gold?

Gold has been known and used by humans for thousands of years. The earliest known use of this precious metal dates back to 4000 BC, when it was used to make jewellery and other decorative items. It was also used as a form of currency in many early civilisations, including the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans.

In the Middle Ages, gold became increasingly important as a form of currency. The coins were minted in many countries, and gold was used to pay for goods and services. It also became a symbol of wealth and power, and was often used to decorate royal palaces and temples.

In the 19th century, gold was discovered in California and Australia. This led to a gold rush, as people flocked to these regions in search of fortune. Gold also became an important commodity in the industrial revolution, as it was used to make electrical wiring, jewellery, and other products.

In the 20th century, gold’s value fluctuated significantly. It reached a high point in the 1970s, when it was used as a hedge against inflation. However, its value declined in the 1980s and 1990s. In recent years, gold’s value has increased, as investors have seen it as a safe haven asset during times of economic turmoil.

Today, gold is still used as a form of currency in some countries, but it is more commonly used as an investment. Gold is also used to make jewellery, coins, and other decorative items. Its unique properties, such as its malleability, ductility, and resistance to corrosion, make it an ideal material for these applications.

Here are some of the key events in the history of gold:

  • 4000 BC: Gold is first used to make jewellery and other decorative items.
  • 3000 BC: Gold is used as a form of currency in Egypt.
  • 2000 BC: Gold is used as a form of currency in Greece and Rome.
  • 1000 AD: Gold is used to make coins in China and India.
  • 1500 AD: Gold is discovered in the Americas.
  • 1848: Gold is discovered in California, sparking the California Gold Rush.
  • 1851: Gold is discovered in Australia, sparking the Australian Gold Rush.
  • 1970s: Gold reaches a high point in value, as it is used as a hedge against inflation.
  • 1980s: Gold’s value declines.
  • 1990s: Gold’s value declines further.
  • 2000s: Gold’s value begins to increase.
  • 2010s: Gold’s value continues to increase.

Why is Gold so Valuable?

Given as it is just a piece of metal, how has it become so valuable. Why for example, does it hold more value than silver, iron, copper and other metals? Here are a few reasons:

  • Rare is a relatively rare metal, it is difficult to find and extract.
  • Durable, meaning that it withstands and awful lot.
  • Beautiful with a bright, yellow colour that is highly prized for jewellery and other decorative items.
  • Malleable, meaning it can be easily shaped and moulded into different forms.
  • Conductive: a good conductor of electricity, making it useful in electronics and other applications.
  • Non-toxic, which makes it safe to use in jewellery and other items that come into contact with the skin.

Why is it considered a good investment?

  • A hedge against inflation: Gold prices tend to rise when inflation is high. This is because gold is seen as a store of value that will not lose its purchasing power in the same way that fiat currencies can.
  • A safe haven asset: Gold is often considered a safe haven asset, meaning that it tends to hold its value or even rise in value during times of economic turmoil. This is because gold is not subject to the same economic factors as other assets, such as stocks and bonds.
  • It has a limited supply: The supply of gold is limited, which means that there is a finite amount of gold available to invest in. This can help to keep gold prices relatively stable over time.

The Risks of Investing

Of course, there are also some risks associated with investing in gold. These include:

  • High volatility: Gold prices can be volatile, meaning that they can fluctuate significantly in a short period of time. This can make it difficult to predict how much your investment will be worth in the future.
  • High storage costs: Gold is a physical asset, which means that it can be expensive to store and insure.
  • Illiquidity: Gold can be illiquid, meaning that it can be difficult to sell quickly if you need to access your investment.

Most Valuable Gold Ever Found

The most valuable gold ever found is the Pepita Canaã, a 60.8-kilogram lump of gold unearthed in Brazil during the Serra Pelada Gold Rush in the early 1980s. It is estimated to be worth over $2.8 million at today’s gold prices.

The Pepita Canaã was found by a miner named Valdir Pereira, who was working in a small mining operation in the Serra Pelada region of Brazil. Pereira was using a shovel to clear away some dirt when he hit something hard. He dug further and found the Pepita Canaã, which is Portuguese for “Canaã nugget.”

The Pepita Canaã is a large, irregular-shaped lump of gold. It is estimated to be worth over $2.8 million at today’s gold prices. The Pepita Canaã is on display at the Banco Central Museum in Brasília, Brazil.

pepita canaa

Photo courtesy

Here are some other notable gold finds:

  • The King Henry, or RNC Minerals 1, ‘nugget’: This giant specimen was found in 2018 in the Beta Hunt mine, near Kambalda in Western Australia, by RNC Minerals employee Henry Dole. It weighs 93 kilograms and has an estimated gold content of 45 kilograms. Its precious metals content would be worth about USD 2.4 million at today’s gold price.
  • The Staffordshire Hoard: This Anglo-Saxon treasure trove, discovered in 2009, contains over 4,300 gold and silver objects, including coins, jewellery, and weapons. It is estimated to be worth over £3.3 million.
  • The Atocha: This Spanish galleon was shipwrecked off the coast of Florida in 1622. The wreck was discovered in 1985 and has yielded over 500,000 gold and silver coins, as well as other artefacts. The Atocha treasure is estimated to be worth over $500 million.

Overall, gold is a valuable asset that can be a good investment for some people. However, it is important to understand the risks involved before investing in gold.

At The Goldmarket, we have bought and sold gold for many years and we happen to know a lot about this popular commodity including it’s value in today’s market. If you have unwanted gold to sell, pop it along and let us give you a price for it.

Ahead of one of the most bejeweled events to have been witnessed in a number of years, the Coronation of King Charles III and Queen Consort Camilla promises to be full of the usual pomp and pageantry that we, as a nation, cannot help but be beguiled by. We take a look at the regalia involved in the day and delve a little deeper into the history and facts behind some of the key pieces of the Crown Jewels. 

All photos sourced and credited to Royal Collection Trust 

The Crown Jewels

Consisting of 142 objects which include seven sovereign crowns and 6 consort crowns, the Crown Jewels collection is made up of so many artefacts ranging from the 12th century to the more modern Elizabethan age. These pieces are usually on display behind secure, toughened glass at The Tower of London however, ahead of the Coronation, they have been moved, not least so that King Charles III can actually practice bearing the weight of St Edward’s Crown. 

St Edward’s Crown

At the centre of the Crown Jewels collection is St Edward’s Crown which will be the one used to crown Charles III at the forthcoming coronation.

st edwards crown

Photo credit – Royal Collection Trust

Designed and produced for King Charles II in 1661, this crown was made as a replacement for a medieval crown which had been melted down in 1649. 

It weighs a whopping 2.23kg and there have been monarchs that have been unable to carry its weight. Queen Elizabeth wore it only for a few moments at her coronation.

It is made of 22ct gold and is decorated with 444 semi precious and precious gemstones. 

After 1689 it was not used to crown a monarch until 1911 when King George V revived the tradition.

The Imperial State Crown

Once the ceremony is over, the King will swap St Edward’s Crown for the Imperial State Crown. This is the crown he will wear as he exits the Abbey. Many will be familiar with this crown as it was the one that was placed on the top of Queen Elizabeth II’s coffin. 

Photo credit – Royal Collection Trust

This crown was made for King Edward’s Coronation in 1937 and features three large stones, 2,868 diamonds in silver mounts as well as 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and 269 pearls in gold mounts. 

It famously features the Cullinan II diamond which is also known as the Second Star of Africa. 

The Queen Consort’s Crown

Camilla, the Queen Consort, will wear a crown made by Garrard that was produced for Queen Mary when she was crowned Queen Consort in 1911 at the Coronation of King George V. This silver framed crown is lined with gold and is set with 2,200 diamonds.

Photo credit – Royal Collection Trust

This crown, produced in 1937 for the coronation of Queen Mary has not been worn by a Queen Consort since – it is the first time a consort crown will have been reused since Queen Caroline’s coronation in the 18th century.

The Sovereign’s Ring

The Sovereign’s Ring was produced in 1831 by Rundell Bridge & Rundell and is placed on the fourth finger of the monarch by the Archbishop of Canterbury during the coronation ceremony.

Photo Credit – Royal Collection Trust

Each sovereign since Edward VII has used the ring which was originally commissioned for William IV – traditionally sovereigns always had a new ring made however since , it is customary for this one to be used. Traditionally always belonging to the monarch and kept in their own private collection. This particular ring was given to the crown in 1901 by Queen Victoria and snow forms part of the Crown Jewels collection.

The Sovereign’s ring consists of a mixed-cut octagonal sapphire which is set in gold and overlaid with four rectangular-cut and one square-cut rubies. These are butted together in a gold strip setting to form a cross with a border of 14 cushion-shaped diamonds and a diamond on each shoulder, with a gold hoop.

The Sovereign’s Orb

Symbolising the Christian world, with its cross on the top and its globe shape, the Sovereign’s Orb represents the sovereign’s power. The band of jewels around the middle of the globe divides it into three sections to represent the continents that were recognised in medieval times. 

sovereigns orb

Photo Credit Royal Collection Trust

The orb is mounted with clusters of jewels – emeralds, rubies and sapphires which are surrounded by rose-cut diamonds and single rows of pearls. The cross is set with rose-cut diamonds. On one side in the centre is an emerald, on the other a sapphire with pearls at the angels and the end of each arm.

This piece is a key part of the coronation ceremony as it is placed in the right hand of the monarch as they are invested. 

The Sceptres

As the sovereign is the head of the Church of England, the sceptres will represent the King’s spiritual role. The dove on the top of the Sovereign’s Sceptre with Dove, represents the Holy Ghost. Also known as the Rod of Equity and Mercy, this is one of two sceptres that will be presented to the King Charles III during the ceremony. The other, the Sovereign’s Sceptre with Cross is topped by a cross to represent temporal power. 

Photo Credit – Royal Collection Trust

The entire collection features 23,578 stones which include the Cullinan diamonds I and II, the Koh-i-Noor, Black Prince’s Ruby, Stuart Sapphire and St Edward’s Sapphire. The oldest piece within the collection is a 12th century spoon, the most recent, Elizabeth II’s Armills added in 1953.

The current owner of the Crown Jewels is Charles III in right of the crown.


We are always delighted when we are able to restore original pieces of classic jewellery back to their former glory and take immense pride in being able to give new life to pieces that hold sentimental value and, in many cases, have their own story to tell. 

Our jewel in the crown

Some jewellery restoration projects require more work than others and this particular piece was certainly the jewel in the crown for our jeweller Mat who says that it’s probably the toughest restoration and revival he has done to date.

The piece in question was actually a ring that we had bought into stock. Looking at the original state of it, you may have wondered why:

  • We bought it in the first place
  • We didn’t elect to melt it down as scrap
  • We spent so much time on a restoration project

Ever one to rise to a challenge, Mat wanted to see what he could do with this piece and so set to work proving that with the right amount of care and attention, even those pieces that you think have had their day, can be bought back to life. 

The restoration journey of this vintage ring

The collections of images below show the journey before, during and after the restoration process. 

The first step was to try and clean some of the original gunk off – years of dirt and grime that has become embedded in the ring. So much so, they were a part of it. After days soaking in sulphuric acid, we managed to make some headway.

As well as being extremely worn and congealed with dirt, there was another ring soldered into the centre which Mat decided to remove. It didn’t want to come out so he decided to cut it and then re-shank the horseshoe.

There was also a cracked diamond that needed replacing to finish it off. 

Now that it has been repaired, restored, cleaned and polished, it’s like a new ring! This piece will now become part of a new story for its next owner and carry on being worn as it should be. 

Repurposing jewellery

We have worked on so many pieces over the years from simple repairs to completely repurposing a piece. Repurposing is an alternative to jewellery restoration and a wonderful way to create a new piece using a precious gemstone or metal. We’ve turned diamond rings into pendants, used gemstones from bracelets to make earrings and much more. The below is just one instance of where we have taken a broken piece of jewellery and created something new from the assets. 

Benefits of jewellery restoration

As well as being able to revive and restore pieces of jewellery to make them wearable again, there are many other benefits to jewellery restoration:

Sustainability – We live in a society where we are in planet protection mode. We need to do everything we can to reduce our carbon footprint which means looking after what we have, repairing, restoring, recycling and reusing. Often, that piece of old jewellery that you think has seen better days can become a beautiful new piece that you are proud to wear and show off.

Creating stories and memories – It’s amazing how many pieces we see that hold such sentimental value – that are family heirlooms that have been handed down through generations and carry such beautiful stories.

Beautiful gifts – You may be aware of an old piece of jewellery languishing in your partner’s drawer that could do with some tlc – having a piece restored is a beautiful, and thoughtful gift to someone.

Modernising pieces – While many vintage trends will make a comeback at some point, you may want to repurpose or restore a piece and give it a bit of a twist to make it more modern and in keeping with more modern trends. Replacing the shank of a ring with white gold or platinum instead of yellow gold, is one example of this and something that we are often asked to undertake.

If you are now turning your thoughts to your the pieces of jewellery that you could have restored or repurposed, why not pop in and see us? Much of our work is carried out on site at our Weston super Mare workshop where you can just pop in and discuss your thoughts and wishes with us. You will find us at 23 High Street, Weston super Mare. From jewellery cleaning to complex repairs, we are always happy to take a look.

Discover more about our restoration projects over on social media pages. You can find the links to our Facebook and Instagram here.

At The Goldmarket, we are delighted to be able to offer an extensive jewellery repairs and resizing service to a wide selection of jewellery. From resizing an engagement ring, to carrying out repairs on delicate, antique pieces, we pride ourselves on the quality of our craftmanship. As well as having highly skilled technicians and craftsmen, we are also in possession of the finest technology. This includes an in house laser welding machine which allows us to be able to offer a far more superior and skilled service than many others. 

Previous to our acquisition of this particular piece of technology, anything too fine or intricate would have had to be sent away for external repairs which would involve a delay and incur additional costs. By investing in this technology we can provide a much quicker turnaround and a much more detailed range of repair services, while saving our customers money. 

What is a laser welding machine? 

A laser welding machine emits a fine laser beam directly to the area that requires work.

For clarity, here is the tech part…

‘Laser welding reconfigures the molecular structure of similar or dissimilar metals at the point of welding. This allows the the two common alloys to become one.’

We also use fine solder wire in our repairs. The carat of the solder that we use depends on the piece that we are working on – 9ct yellow gold solder wire for a 9ct yellow piece, 18ct white gold wire for white gold and so on. We can also carry out platinum and stainless steel repairs too. Another fact – we use recycled gold wire so that our jewellery repairs are more sustainable therefore enabling us to reduce our carbon footprint as a business.

Why use a laser welding machine? 

The primary reason for using a laser welder in jewellery repairs and resizing, is precision. The laser beam that is emitted from the machine we use here at The Goldmarket is 0.2mm. This means we can now take on fine or delicate work that would normally  be difficult to complete with the standard solder machines that are widely used in the industry. 

There is also much less heat transference. This is especially beneficial with porous or delicate stones like opals, pearls and emeralds which would normally have to be ‘unset” or packed with heat resistant gels to be able to work anywhere near them.

Using a laser welder, we can now complete claw work, repairs or sizing jobs without the need to unset or disturb the stones. This is also a benefit when working with hollow metals as the heat transference is less meaning we are far less likely to melt the metal. A laser welding machine is great for the following:

  • Fill porosity
  • Re-tip platinum or gold prong settings
  • Repair bezel settings
  • Resize or repair rings without removing the stones

Calibre watches

In addition to jewellery repairs, we are able to use the laser welder to carry out work on calibre watches. We can repair deeps scratches and gouges with precision and restore the piece to its former glory.

Some examples of our work 

Here are just some examples of the work that we have carried out that, without the laser welding machine, we would not be able to complete here, at our workbench in Weston super Mare. The first is a 9ct yellow gold curb bracelet with a broken link. The reason that the laser welder was required in this instance is that hollow gold is much more vulnerable when soldering. The heat transference can be such that the gold melts. With the laser welder, the heat transference is minimal therefore there is no risk of causing further damage.

We also mentioned stones and how we can work on items with less heat transference. When it came to the below sapphire and diamond cluster, we were able to repair a claw and reset the lost stone without causing damage to the stones either side.


We have so many examples of excellent work that we have carried out using this laser welding technology and are happy to discuss your requirements with you before committing to any repairs. In the first instance, we recommend that you bring the item to us so that we can carry out a thorough inspection of the work required and advise of a cost and timeframe. We can then arrange to book the item in for repair and have it looking as good as new again.

Simply pop in and see us at 23 High Street, Weston super Mare and our team will be happy to help.


There are many reasons for wanting a ring resized. Perhaps you have inherited a family heirloom that you wish to wear yourself or maybe you bought a piece that doesn’t fit. Other reasons for ring resizing include weight loss or gain or the desire to wear a ring on a different finger. At The Goldmarket, ring resizing is a popular service, and something we have extensive experience with.

We take a look at the process and what it entails as well as sharing some examples of our work.

What Metal is the Ring Made From?

Most of the rings bought to us for resizing are either gold, white gold or platinum however, we also get requests to resize silver rings and even palladium.

In the case of silver, if it is a plain ring, we can fulfil the request however, if it is stone set then unfortunately, we can’t. If the ring is platinum the process will involve laser welding and can take longer.

What Size Does Should the Ring Be?

The first step is to measure the finger that you wish to wear the ring on to make sure that we know the correct size. We will measure both your finger and the current ring size and then calculate how much needs to be added or removed for the ring to fit correctly.

Increasing the Ring Size

 Increasing the size of a ring requires a new piece of metal to be added to the shank. It must  be the same material as the ring to ensure a good match – 18ct white gold for an 18ct white gold ring etc.

The gallery below showcases a recent ring resize carried out by our talented jeweller in house.


As you can see, the first step is to heat the ring to find the original join line (anneal the ring). Then we carefully cut the shank down that same fire line if possible and then offer up the new metal which has to be accurately measured to ensure the ring is sized correctly.

The next step is to solder, or laser weld, the new piece into place ensuring that the shank is strong. The process used will depend on the nature of the ring that we are working on and whether there are any adjacent stones that could be damaged by the heat of the solder, for example. We are lucky to be able to offer laser welding at The Goldmarket which means we can offer an extensive range of services on all manner of rings and jewellery.

Once the ring has been soldered, or lasered, the shank will then be filed and polished to remove any evidence of the join and to blend the metal of the existing ring with the new piece. This requires a careful hand and a keen eye, something our jewellers most certainly have.

Resizing a Gent’s Ring

This was another example of a recent ring up-size. This time, it was a much heavier, diamond set, 9ct gold gents ring. We had to saw through the shank to open up the ring so that piece of 9ct gold could be inserted into the ring to expand the size of the shank. Once this is done, the ring is soldered and then shaped, buffed, polished and cleaned as per the images below.

Reducing the Ring Size

In many instances, reducing the size of a ring is simpler than increasing the size of the ring as we don’t have to add any new metal to the shank. Instead, we are removing a piece to ensure that the ring fits accordingly. Using the same process required to increase the size of a ring, the shank is cut, the correct sized piece of metal is removed, and the ring is soldered, or lasered, back together. The join is then filed, buffed, and polished using specialist machinery and the ring is good as new.

However, it is not always so straightforward and very much depends on the style and design of the piece in question – the stones and the type of setting. If a ring is micro bead set for example, and has to come down more than a few sizes, it can become problematic and, in some cases, impossible. It is important that we have sight of the ring in the first instance so that we can assess the job and the work involved.

How Much Does it Cost?

A simple ring resizing up or down costs from £35 however, because every ring is different and the requirements will be unique, we would ask that you contact us first.

You can find out more about the process, the cost and how to book an appointment here but the best thing to do is pop in and see us. We will be able to examine the ring and tell you if it’s a job that we can complete on site, and, how long it will take.

Our Talented Jewellers

We are very lucky to have two very talented jewellers working at our in-house bench in Weston super Mare. Often, they can carry out work while you wait, or certainly within a few hours. This will depend on how busy they are and the nature of the job. We are fortunate to have specialist laser welding equipment on site which means that we can carry out almost every type of repair at our workbench. If it is a complex job, or you bring it to us at an extremely busy time, we may require the ring for longer but if we can’t carry out the ring re-size ourselves, it is highly unlikely that anyone can.

If you have a ring that needs re-sizing, the best thing is to bring or post it in for us to assess. Bringing it in to us is preferable, especially with the unpredictable postal situation.  We can then accurately tell you what is required, if it is something we can do in house and how long it will take. We can also give you a quote for the work as well. All of our work is covered by a 12 month guarantee however, it is very rare that there are ever any issues and your resized ring will be as good as the day you bought it.



As a business that specialises in buying and selling gold, fine jewellery and luxury watches, we often meet people that want to sell their gold items. There are many reasons for coming to this decision, but commonly we find it’s because the individual wants to upgrade to something else, simply fancies a change, or they want to realise the asset into cash. In light of this, we carry out daily valuations on a huge range of individual items of jewellery. Of course, as experts, we have a well-trained eye for what is real and what’s not. For those that are unsure as to how to tell genuine gold from fake gold, it can be a little trickier.

While the best way to be sure of the authenticity of your gold is to bring it along and have it inspected by our experienced team, there are other tell-tale signs that should help you establish if your piece is the real deal.

The most widely recognised go to bench mark for this is called a ‘hallmark’.

What Is A Hallmark?

Perhaps the best way to tell the difference between real gold and fake is by looking for what is called a ‘hallmark’. Be mindful real gold doesn’t always carry this stamp, depending on a range of factors including which country it was produced in, the age of the item, the style of the piece and how much wear and tear it has had. Many countries however, do have a hallmarking system.

Here’s what to look for:

Until 1998, a Hallmark had to include four compulsory marks.  Since 1998, this has reduced to three (the date letter has become optional).

how to tell real gold from fake gold

The symbols must include:

  • The maker’s stamp – who made the item
  • It’s guaranteed standard of fineness – is it 9ct, 18ct, 22ct etc.
  • Assay Office at which the article was tested and marked
  • The year that the article was tested and marked (not compulsory on more modern pieces)

As mentioned above, with pieces made since 1998, the date mark is no longer compulsory.

In the example below, the RJ symbol is the maker’s mark. The crown refers to gold and is an optional mark. The number 375 represents 9ct gold and is the standard mark to verify the fineness of the metal. The lions face is the symbol of the London Assay Office where it was verified.


These symbols tell us that this is a 9ct gold ring that has been certified by the London Assay Office and is therefore a genuine piece of gold. It tells us everything we need to know in order to provide an accurate valuation of the item.

You can find a full explanation here.

No Hallmark

If the piece is not hallmarked, it is much harder to tell and you will need to get it verified by an expert who is trained to differentiate real gold from gold plated metals using other methods. Even if the item is verified as real, it can be tricky for the jeweller to resell the item without a hallmark so please bear this in mind.


While something might contain gold, it needs to be a certain purity to have value. Anything that is less than 37.5% or 9cts of gold is considered fake in the UK market.

DIY Ways to Spot Fake Gold

Not by any means conclusive or fool proof, these “do it yourself” home tests may assist with how to spot real gold from fake or plated:

Does it Float?

Drop your ring in a jug full of water. Gold is denser than other alloys and will sink to the bottom. If your item is fake, it will likely float although this is not the case in all circumstances.

Try the Vinegar Test

If you drop a few drops of vinegar onto a ring and wait 15 seconds, real gold won’t change colour. Fake gold will.

Look for Faded Spots

If your ring is gold plated, over time the plating will wear away and you may find that your ring, necklace, bracelet etc is discolouring. Solid gold will not discolour so this is a pretty obvious sign that item is genuine.

Does it Leave Green Marks?

If your jewellery leaves a green mark on your skin after wearing it, it’s a sign that you are possibly wearing copper. Ever seen what happens to bathroom pipes etc? Over time they too can become green. This is the same with any copper that is exposed to the elements.

If your item is a mixture of gold and other base metals, the same may happen so this is not a definitive that your jewellery is not gold to some extent, but will give you an indication.

Understanding the Value of Your Jewellery

If you own a sentimental piece of jewellery and are unperturbed as to whether it is real gold or fake gold then you need not worry. The meaning is there to you regardless of its intrinsic worth.  If you want to ascertain the monetary value of something for insurance purposes however, then it is prudent to understanding your jewellery, or jewellery collection and arrange to have it formerly assessed. If you are looking to sell something and want to know if what its worth, getting the right price for your gold is key.

At The Goldmarket, our staff are trained to identify real gold from fake gold and are also licensed and certified to carry out written insurance valuations on items. In addition to this we buy gold at competitive prices and also purchase items of jewellery for resale. If you have a piece of jewellery that you would like valued, please bring it along to our High Street store in Weston super Mare and our friendly, expert team will be only too happy to help.