Gemstones have captivated humanity for centuries with their allure, rarity, and intrinsic beauty. But beyond their shimmering facades lie fascinating tales and intriguing facts that add depth to their mystique. Join us on a journey as we delve into the rich tapestry of gemstone lore and unveil some of the most intriguing facts about these precious treasures.

Diamonds: A Tale of Timeless Elegance

Diamonds, often hailed as the ultimate symbol of love and luxury, possess a timeless allure that transcends cultures and generations. Formed deep within the Earth’s mantle under intense heat and pressure, diamonds emerge as pristine gems of extraordinary brilliance and durability. Renowned for their unmatched sparkle, diamonds have captivated humanity for centuries, adorning crowns, engagement rings, and cherished heirlooms.

Beyond their breathtaking beauty, diamonds hold a wealth of symbolism, representing eternal love, strength, and resilience. Each diamond is as unique as the love it symbolises, with its own characteristics and story to tell. From the legendary Cullinan diamond to the iconic Hope diamond, these precious gems continue to inspire wonder and fascination, embodying the enduring power of love and the timeless beauty of nature.

Dubbed the “king of gems,” diamonds have long been revered for their unmatched brilliance and durability. Did you know that the largest diamond ever discovered, the Cullinan diamond, weighed a staggering 3,106 carats? This majestic gem, unearthed in South Africa in 1905, remains a symbol of timeless elegance and unparalleled beauty.

Emeralds: Treasures from the Earth

Emeralds, with their mesmerising green hues reminiscent of lush forests and tranquil waters, are among the most captivating gemstones in the world. Revered for centuries for their beauty and rarity, emeralds hold a mystical allure that transcends time. Originating deep within the Earth’s crust, emeralds are formed under precise conditions of pressure and temperature, resulting in their distinctive colour and clarity.

Associated with renewal, growth, and vitality, emeralds have been cherished by cultures throughout history, from ancient civilisations to modern royalty. Whether adorning the crowns of kings or gracing the fingers of lovers, emeralds symbolize love, prosperity, and harmony with nature. Each emerald tells a story of resilience and transformation, embodying the enduring beauty of the natural world and the timeless allure of precious gemstones.

Emeralds, with their rich green hues, have enchanted civilisations for millennia. Ancient Egyptians believed that emeralds symbolised eternal youth and rebirth. Interestingly, lighter-coloured emeralds are often referred to as “green beryls,” showcasing the diverse spectrum of this stunning gemstone.

Tanzanite: A Gemstone of Singular Beauty

Tanzanite, a gemstone of rare and captivating beauty, possesses a unique allure that sets it apart from all others. Discovered in just one small region near Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania, tanzanite’s exquisite blue-violet hues evoke the majestic landscapes of its homeland.

Named after its country of origin, tanzanite was introduced to the world in 1967 by Tiffany & Co., sparking a frenzy of admiration and fascination. Its remarkable colour-changing properties, shifting from deep blues to vibrant violets depending on the light, add to its mystique and charm. Tanzanite is not just a gemstone; it’s a testament to the wonders of nature and the magic of discovery. Each tanzanite gemstone carries with it the spirit of adventure and the promise of beauty, making it a cherished treasure for those fortunate enough to possess it.


As a relatively recent discovery, tanzanite is found only in one small region near Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania. Its mesmerizing blue-violet hues have earned it a place among the world’s most coveted gemstones.

Opals: Nature’s Kaleidoscope

Opals, with their mesmerising play-of-colour and ethereal beauty, are truly nature’s marvels. Formed over millions of years through the interplay of silica and water, opals possess a unique ability to refract light into a kaleidoscope of iridescent hues. From fiery reds to electric blues, each opal is a masterpiece of colour and light, reflecting the rich tapestry of the natural world.

Some opals, known as “boulder opals,” are backed by a mother stone, enhancing their vibrancy and depth. Revered by ancient civilisations as symbols of hope and purity, opals continue to captivate and inspire with their otherworldly charm. Whether adorning a piece of jewellery or displayed as a precious gemstone, opals enchant all who behold them, inviting us to marvel at the wonders of creation.

Opals are renowned for their iridescent play-of-colour, which gives them a mystical and ethereal quality. These captivating gems are as unique and diverse as the landscapes from which they are born.

Sapphires: Beyond Blue

Sapphires, with their captivating allure and rich history, stand as symbols of beauty, wisdom, and royalty. While commonly associated with the mesmerising blue hues reminiscent of the deep ocean, sapphires come in a spectrum of colours, including pink, yellow, and even orange. Each sapphire possesses a unique combination of colour, clarity, and brilliance, making it a cherished gemstone sought after by connoisseurs and collectors alike.

Renowned for their durability and lustre, sapphires have adorned the crowns and regalia of kings and queens throughout history, embodying power, prestige, and elegance. Beyond their ornamental value, sapphires hold deep spiritual significance in many cultures, believed to bring protection, wisdom, and good fortune to those who wear them. Whether set in exquisite jewellery or admired in their natural form, sapphires continue to win hearts and minds with their timeless beauty and enduring appeal.

The most famous sapphires, such as the Star of India, have achieved legendary status, fascinating gemstone enthusiasts worldwide.

Pearls: Nature’s Masterpiece

Pearls, born from the depths of the ocean and nurtured by the delicate balance of nature, are treasures unlike any other. Formed within the shells of molluscs, pearls are the only gemstones created by living organisms. Cultivating cultured pearls is a meticulous process that requires patience and expertise, resulting in luminous orbs of iridescence that captivate the eye and stir the soul.

For centuries, pearls have been revered as symbols of purity, elegance, and sophistication, adorning the crowns of queens and the necks of noblewomen. Their timeless beauty transcends trends and fashions, embodying the essence of understated luxury and refined grace. Whether strung into a classic necklace or set into a modern design, pearls exude a timeless elegance that speaks to the enduring allure of the natural world.

Amethyst: A Stone of Sobriety

Amethysts, with their regal purple hues and mystical allure, hold a special place among gemstones. Named from the ancient Greek word “amethystos,” meaning “not drunk,” these captivating gems were believed to possess the power to ward off intoxication in ancient times. Beyond their folklore, amethysts are prized for their beauty and spiritual significance, symbolising clarity of mind, inner strength, and protection from negative energies.

Found in various shades of purple, from delicate lilacs to deep violets, each amethyst is a testament to the wonders of nature’s creativity. Whether adorning a piece of jewellery or displayed as a standalone gem, amethysts radiate a sense of elegance and tranquillity, inviting us to connect with the deeper mysteries of the universe.


Rubies: The Gems of Passion

Rubies, with their fiery red hues and allure, are among the most coveted gemstones in the world. Symbolising passion, vitality, and love, rubies are renowned for their intense colour and exceptional clarity. These precious gems are often associated with power and royalty. Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is celebrated as a primary source of the finest rubies, particularly those from the legendary Mogok region.

Whether adorning a crown, an engagement ring, or a piece of high-end jewelry, rubies exude a timeless elegance and sophistication that transcends trends and fashions. With their rich history and enduring beauty, rubies continue to hold a special place in the hearts of gemstone enthusiasts and collectors around the globe.


From the depths of the earth to the stars above, gemstones embody the wonders of nature and the creativity of mankind. Each gemstone has its own story to tell, and its own journey to embark upon. Whether it’s the timeless elegance of a diamond, the enchanting allure of an emerald, or the celestial beauty of tanzanite, gemstones continue to inspire and fascinate us, reminding us of the beauty that lies within our world.

So, the next time you admire a sparkling gemstone, take a moment to appreciate the rich history, lore, and beauty that it represents. After all, within each gemstone lies a universe of wonders waiting to be discovered.

Explore the diverse array of stunning gemstone jewellery at The Goldmarket. Whether you’re seeking a ring to commemorate a special occasion, a distinctive pendant, or even a custom-designed piece, our team of knowledgeable experts is here to assist you every step of the way.

When it comes to jewellery, we often marvel at the sparkle of gemstones, the luster of pearls, and the brilliance of precious metals. However, beyond their aesthetic allure lies a fundamental aspect that significantly influences their durability and longevity: hardness. Enter the Mohs scale—a simple yet indispensable tool in the world of jewelry that helps us understand and appreciate the hardness of gemstones and minerals.

What is the Mohs Scale?

Named after Friedrich Mohs, a German mineralogist who devised it in 1812, the Mohs scale stands as one of the most widely used systems for measuring the hardness of minerals. Mohs recognized the need for a practical method to differentiate between various minerals based on their hardness, and thus, he introduced this ingenious scale.

The essence of the Mohs scale lies in its simplicity and effectiveness. Rather than relying on complex scientific instruments, the Mohs scale employs a straightforward comparative method. It evaluates the ability of one mineral to scratch another, thereby establishing a relative hardness scale from 1 to 10.

At its core, the Mohs scale ranks minerals based on their resistance to being scratched by other substances. A mineral with a higher Mohs hardness value can scratch a mineral with a lower value, while it cannot be scratched by a mineral with a lower value. This principle allows for a quick and practical assessment of mineral hardness, making it invaluable not only to mineralogists but also to jewelers, geologists, and enthusiasts alike.

The scale begins with talc, assigned a value of 1, which represents the softest mineral. As the scale progresses, each subsequent mineral has the ability to scratch those preceding it. For instance, gypsum, ranked at 2 on the Mohs scale, can be scratched by talc but can scratch calcite, which ranks higher at 3. This hierarchical arrangement continues until it reaches diamond, the hardest naturally occurring substance known to man, which sits at the top with a perfect score of 10.

mohs scale

In the context of jewellery, the Mohs scale provides invaluable insights into the durability and suitability of gemstones for different types of jewellery. By understanding the hardness of gemstones relative to one another, jewellers and consumers can make informed decisions when selecting and caring for their prized pieces. Whether it’s choosing a diamond for an engagement ring or selecting pearls for a necklace, the Mohs scale serves as a guiding light, ensuring that jewelry remains not only beautiful but also resilient against the tests of time and wear.

Importance in Jewellery

1. Durability:

In the realm of jewellery, durability is paramount. Gemstones subjected to everyday wear, such as rings and bracelets, are prone to abrasion and scratches. Understanding the hardness of gemstones helps jewelers and consumers alike select stones that can withstand daily use without losing their luster or becoming damaged.

2. Protection against Wear:

Gemstones with higher Mohs hardness ratings are less likely to get scratched or abraded. For instance, diamonds, which top the Mohs scale at 10, are exceptionally hard and can withstand scratching from most other materials, making them ideal for everyday jewelry that experiences significant wear.

3. Care and Maintenance:

Knowing the Mohs hardness of gemstones guides us in their care and maintenance. Softer gemstones, such as pearls and opals, require gentler handling and storage to prevent scratches and surface damage. Additionally, when cleaning jewelry, understanding the Mohs scale helps avoid using abrasive cleaners or methods that could harm delicate stones.

4. Design Considerations:

Jewellery designers often take Mohs hardness into account when creating pieces. Pairing gemstones with similar hardness levels minimizes the risk of one stone scratching another. Alternatively, contrasting hardness levels can be intentionally utilised for aesthetic effects, but with careful consideration of the durability implications.

5. Identifying Gemstones:

The Mohs scale can also aid in identifying gemstones. By performing a simple scratch test using common materials with known hardness levels, such as fingernails (2.5) or a steel knife (5.5), one can determine the approximate hardness of a gemstone and narrow down its identity.

Practical Applications

Gemstone Selection: When purchasing jewelry, consider the hardness of the gemstones in relation to how and where you plan to wear them.

Jewellery Maintenance: Follow appropriate care guidelines based on the hardness of your gemstones to preserve their beauty and longevity.

Custom Designs: Work with jewellers who understand the Mohs scale to create bespoke pieces that balance aesthetics with durability.

Education: Equip yourself with knowledge about the Mohs scale to make informed decisions when buying, wearing, and caring for jewellery.

In conclusion, while the Mohs scale may seem like a simple concept, its significance in the world of jewelry cannot be overstated. By understanding the hardness of gemstones and minerals, we can make informed choices that enhance the beauty and longevity of our cherished jewellery pieces, ensuring they sparkle for generations to come.

Rings have been worn for centuries as symbols of special occasions or significant milestones in life. From engagement rings to eternity rings, each style holds its own meaning and significance. But with so many different types of rings to choose from, it can be overwhelming to navigate the world of jewellery. 

Whether you’re in the market for an engagement ring, looking to gift someone an eternity ring, or simply curious about the allure of diamond rings, this article will serve as an introduction to the various ring styles and their meanings. 

Engagement Rings: Symbolising Love and Commitment

​Engagement rings hold a special place in modern society as a symbol of love and commitment. From the moment a person gets down on one knee and pops the question, the ring becomes a tangible representation of the promise to spend a lifetime together. It is a powerful symbol that transcends cultural and social boundaries.

Traditionally, engagement rings are adorned with a beautiful diamond, representing the durability and eternity of love. However, in recent years, couples have started to explore other gemstones and unique designs to reflect their own personal style. What remains constant is the significance placed on the ring as a symbol of the love and commitment between two individuals.

An engagement ring is not just a piece of jewelry; it is a reflection of a couple’s love story and a commitment to a future together. It is a symbol that transcends time and speaks volumes about the bonds that hold lovers together. And as couples continue to personalise this symbol of love, engagement rings will continue to evolve, capturing the unique essence of every couple’s journey.

Wedding Bands: Celebrating the Unity of Marriage

Wedding bands, also known as wedding rings, hold a significant place in the tradition of marriage. These circular bands symbolise the eternal bond between two individuals and the unity they commit to for the rest of their lives. With so many different types of rings available, couples can choose one that not only reflects their style but also holds a special meaning to them.

One of the most common types of wedding bands is the classic gold band. Gold has been traditionally associated with love and commitment, making it a popular choice among couples. Its timeless and elegant appeal adds a touch of sophistication to the wearer’s finger. However, it is not limited to gold alone. Wedding bands can be made from various metals such as platinum, white gold, silver, or even tungsten, allowing couples to select one that best suits their preferences.

In recent years, there has been a surge in demand for unique and personalised wedding bands. Couples are opting for custom-designed rings that are tailored specifically to their taste. These rings may feature intricate engravings, diamonds, or gemstones, or even incorporate a design that holds a special significance to the couple’s relationship. With the option to personalise every detail, couples can create a truly one-of-a-kind symbol of their love and commitment.

Promise Rings: Expressing Dedication and Future Commitment

While engagement rings are typically reserved for those ready to take the next step toward marriage, promise rings provide a beautiful and meaningful symbol of dedication and future commitment. These special rings have gained popularity in recent years, with couples using them to signify their intention to remain faithful and devoted to each other.

Promise rings come in various styles, allowing couples to choose one that reflects their unique relationship. One of the different types of rings is the classic design, featuring a single gemstone set in a band. This minimalist approach is perfect for those who prefer a more understated symbol of their promise. Alternatively, some couples opt for a ring adorned with multiple stones or intricate details, showcasing their love more elaborately.

Many people wonder when the right time is to exchange promise rings. There are no hard and fast rules – it’s entirely up to the couple’s personal preference. It could be a special anniversary, a birthday, or simply a moment when they feel ready to declare their dedication. 

Birthstone Rings: Personalised and Meaningful Jewellery

Aside from their aesthetic appeal, birthstone rings hold deeper meaning for many individuals. Each gemstone is believed to possess unique properties, such as enhancing specific qualities or bringing good luck. Some people also associate birthstones with their zodiac signs or find spiritual significance in the gems associated with their birth month. This adds an extra layer of personalization and connection to the jewellery, making it a cherished keepsake.

Whether you choose to wear your birthstone ring as a reminder of your own journey or as a symbol of love and connection to your loved ones, these pieces of jewellery are sure to be cherished for a lifetime. With their personalised touch and meaningful significance, birthstone rings are a beautiful way to express your individuality and add a touch of elegance to any outfit. 

Eternity Rings: Symbolic of Eternal Love and Devotion

​Eternity rings have long been cherished as beautiful symbols of eternal love and devotion. These timeless ring are traditionally given to commemorate significant milestones in a relationship, such as anniversaries or the birth of a child. With their continuous circle of precious stones, eternity rings are said to represent an unbroken bond that will last forever.

What sets eternity rings apart from other types of ring is their exquisite design. They usually feature a row of gemstones, such as diamonds, wrapped entirely around the band. The most common style is the full eternity ring, where the stones go all the way around. However, there is also the half eternity ring, which has stones only on the top half of the band. Both styles are equally stunning and serve as a constant reminder of the everlasting love and commitment shared between two people.

When choosing an eternity ring, it’s important to consider personal taste and lifestyle. Different types of rings offer various levels of durability and practicality, ensuring that the ring can be enjoyed every day. Some may prefer a full-eternity ring for its extravagant appearance, while others may opt for a half-eternity ring for its practicality and comfort.

Regardless of the choice, the sentiment behind the eternity ring remains the same – an everlasting symbol of love and devotion that will stand the test of time.

Cocktail Rings: Making a Bold Fashion Statement

​In the world of fashion, accessories play a crucial role in defining one’s personal style. And when it comes to making a bold fashion statement, cocktail rings are the go-to choice for many fashion enthusiasts. These dazzling rings not only add a touch of glamour to any outfit but also exude a sense of confidence and individuality. Cocktail rings come in various shapes, sizes, and designs, allowing you to find the perfect one that suits your taste and personality.

There are many styles and designs to choose from. One popular style is the vintage-inspired cocktail ring, often featuring intricate filigree detailing and colourful gemstones. These rings effortlessly blend the charm of the past with a contemporary edge, making them a timeless addition to any jewellery collection.

For those who prefer a more modern and minimalistic look, geometric cocktail rings are a fantastic choice. With clean lines and bold shapes, these rings make a sleek statement that is both fashionable and edgy. Additionally, nature-inspired cocktail rings featuring floral motifs or animal shapes are perfect for adding a touch of whimsy to your outfit. These unique pieces are bound to spark conversations and turn heads wherever you go.

Signet Rings: A Timeless Symbol of Prestige and Heritage

​Signet rings have long been associated with prestige and heritage, serving as a timeless symbol of distinction and importance. These rings have a rich history that dates back to ancient times, making them a fascinating accessory that holds both cultural and personal significance. What sets signet rings apart from other types of rings is their unique design – a flat surface on which a personalized seal or emblem is engraved.

Signet rings come in various materials, such as gold, silver, and even precious gemstones. Each material enhances the beauty of the ring, while also reflecting the wearer’s individual style and personality. Traditional signet rings are often crafted with a smooth and solid metal surface, allowing for intricate engraving that can showcase family crests, initials, or even mottos.

While signet rings were historically worn exclusively by men, this has evolved over time. Now, both men and women can appreciate the elegance and significance of these rings. Women’s signet rings often feature more delicate and feminine designs, incorporating gemstones or intricate patterns that add a touch of charm and grace.

Another interesting aspect of signet rings is the ability to be passed down through generations, becoming cherished heirlooms. These rings carry a sense of family history and tradition, creating a connection to previous generations. Whether it’s a signet ring that has been in the family for decades or a new piece that pays homage to your heritage, each ring carries a story that adds depth and personal meaning.

Stackable Rings: Versatile and Customizable Fashion Accessories

​Stackable rings have become a popular trend in the fashion world, and for good reason. These versatile accessories allow you to mix and match different types of rings to create a unique and personalised look. With stackable rings, the possibilities are endless when it comes to creating a style that’s all your own.

One of the great things about stackable rings is that you can easily customise them to suit your mood or outfit. Whether you prefer delicate bands or bold statement pieces, there are different types of rings available to satisfy every fashion preference. From simple bands to adorned gemstone rings, you can layer and stack these rings to create a look that is truly one-of-a-kind.

Have Your Ring Custom-Made With Love

engagement ring valentine'sWhy not consider the option to have your jewellery custom-made. The beautiful thing about bespoke jewellery is that it is unique. There are no two the same and you really will be presenting your partner with something that is one of a kind. At The Goldmarket, we offer an extensive selection of all types of rings from beautiful solitaires to the most wonderful diamond clusters. If you have something specific in mind we can help you to source it and if we can’t then we can custom-make it for you. Our talented team of jewellers have extensive experience when it comes to producing bespoke jewellery and have an excellent eye for design.

Choosing the Perfect Ring Style: Factors to Consider and Final Thoughts

​Are you ready to take the next step in your relationship and propose to your significant other? One of the most important decisions you’ll make during this process is choosing the perfect ring style. With so many options available, it can be overwhelming trying to find the one that best represents your love and fits your partner’s personality. To help you through this decision, let’s explore the factors you should consider when selecting a ring style and offer some final thoughts.

First, consider the different types of ring settings. The setting refers to how the center stone is held in place. Popular options include prong, bezel, halo, and pavé settings. Each setting offers a unique look and level of security for the stone. It’s essential to think about your partner’s lifestyle and preferences when choosing the setting. For instance, if they have an active lifestyle, a bezel setting might be more practical as it provides better protection for the stone.

Next, think about the style of the band. Are they more drawn to classic elegance or modern flair? Traditional options include plain bands or bands with intricate engravings. On the other hand, contemporary styles often feature unique designs or alternative metals like rose gold or titanium. Consider your partner’s fashion taste and the jewelry they currently wear to determine the ring style that best suits them.

Finally, contemplate the overall aesthetic of the ring. This includes important factors such as the shape and size of the center stone, the metal color, and any additional accent stones. Some popular stone shapes include round, princess, oval, and cushion. The metal color can range from the classic white gold or platinum to the warmer tones of yellow or rose gold. Accent stones, such as side diamonds or gemstones, can add extra sparkle and personality to the ring.

In conclusion, choosing the perfect ring style involves considering various factors such as the setting, band style, and overall aesthetic. Remember to think about your partner’s lifestyle, fashion taste, and the type of jewelry they currently wear. By carefully considering these aspects, you can select a ring that reflects your love and captures your partner’s unique personality. Enjoy this exciting journey as you embark on finding the perfect symbol of your commitment.

If you would like some help choosing the perfect ring to suit the occasion, our team of experts would be happy to advise. You could also commission us to produce your bespoke design. 

Call the team today on 01934 628361 or visit us at 23 High Street, Weston-super-Mare, BS23 1HA.

Birthstones have long been associated with each month of the year, making them a popular choice for jewellery and gifts. These precious gems hold a special significance, believed to bring good luck and protection to those who wear them. From January’s deep red garnet to December’s vibrant turquoise, each month’s birthstone has a unique story and meaning behind it. Join us as we explore the fascinating history and symbolism of birthstones in this blog post.

Understanding Birthstones: Origin and Significance

Birthstones have a rich history that dates back centuries, and understanding their origin and significance adds depth and meaning to these precious gems. Their concept can be traced back to biblical times, with references in the Book of Exodus. The high priest’s breastplate was adorned with twelve precious stones, each representing one of the twelve tribes of Israel. This early association between gemstones and months of the year laid the foundation for the birthstone tradition we know today.

Over time, different cultures developed their own interpretations of birthstones, further enhancing their significance. Ancient civilisations believed that they possessed mystical powers and were able to bestow good luck and protection upon the wearer. These beliefs have been passed down through generations, and birthstones continue to be cherished as symbols of personal connection and spirituality.

In addition to their symbolic meanings, birthstones are also treasured for their unique beauty. Each gemstone has its own distinct colour, cut, and sparkle, making them a stunning choice for jewellery. Whether it’s the deep red of a garnet or the vibrant turquoise of December’s birthstone, each month’s gem carries its own allure.

Journey Through the Year: A Detailed Look at Each Month’s Birthstone

As we journey through the year, we come across a beautiful array of birthstones, each with its own captivating story and meaning.

In January, the deep red garnet takes centre stage. Known for its rich colour and stunning brilliance, this gem is said to symbolise love, friendship, and trust. It is believed to bring good luck and protection to those born in the first month of the year.

As we move into February, the amethyst shines with its enchanting purple hues. This gem is associated with clarity of mind, wisdom, and inner strength. It is believed to have healing properties and is often worn to promote calmness and balance.

March brings us the mesmerising aquamarine, with its serene blue colour reminiscent of the ocean. Representing youth, hope, and courage, it is said to bring inner peace and is often worn as a talisman for safe travels.

The enchanting diamond takes the spotlight in April, known for its unparalleled beauty and everlasting sparkle. The diamond symbolises purity, strength, and everlasting love. It is a popular choice for engagement rings, as it represents eternal commitment.

May brings us the vibrant emerald, known for its deep green colour and captivating allure. This gem symbolises rebirth, fertility, and love. It is said to promote balance and harmony in relationships.

June’s birthstone is the timeless pearl, renowned for its elegant and classic beauty. Representing purity, innocence, and wisdom, the pearl is often associated with femininity and is believed to enhance the wearer’s intuition.

As we enter July, the fiery ruby captures our attention with its intense red hue. This gem symbolises passion, courage, and love. It is believed to bring vitality and energy to the wearer.

In August, the peridot shines with its vibrant green colour. Peridot represents strength, confidence, and protection. It is believed to ward off negative energy and promote harmony in relationships.

The exquisite sapphire takes the stage in September, with its deep blue colour symbolising wisdom, loyalty, and nobility. It is said to bring clarity of thought and promote spiritual enlightenment.

October brings us the mesmerising opal, with its unique play of colours. This gem represents creativity, inspiration, and passion. It is believed to enhance intuition and imagination.

November showcases the topaz and citrine as its birthstones. Topaz represents love and affection, while citrine symbolises abundance, happiness, and prosperity.

Finally, December presents the vibrant turquoise as its birthstone. Turquoise is associated with protection, positivity, and good fortune. It is believed to bring peace and balance to the wearer.

Each birthstone holds its own significance and beauty, making them a wonderful choice for personalised jewellery. Explore the birthstone of your birth month or choose one that resonates with you. The possibilities are endless, and our skilled designers are here to help you create a truly meaningful and unique piece.

Symbolism and Beliefs Surrounding Birthstones

Birthstones have always held a special place in our hearts, not only for their aesthetic appeal but also for the symbolism and beliefs associated with them. Throughout history, birthstones have been believed to possess mystical properties and hold significant meaning for those who wear them.

Each birthstone is said to carry unique energies and attributes that align with the characteristics and needs of individuals born in that particular month. For example, garnets are believed to bring good luck and protection to those born in January, whilst emeralds are said to promote love and balance for those born in May.

In addition to their individual symbolism, birthstones are also believed to have healing properties. For centuries, gemstones have been used as a form of therapy and protection, with each stone offering its own distinct benefits. Whether it’s the calming properties of amethyst or the energy-enhancing qualities of rubies, birthstones can be worn as talismans to promote well-being and positive energy.

Furthermore, birthstones are a meaningful way to honour and celebrate personal connections. They can be passed down through generations, creating a sense of family heritage and connection. Many people also choose to incorporate these symbols into their jewellery as a way to commemorate special milestones and moments in life.

birthstonesPersonalising Jewellery with Birthstones: Ideas and Inspiration

At The Goldmarket, we understand that personalisation is key when it comes to jewellery. That’s why we offer a range of options for personalising your birthstone jewellery, allowing you to create a truly unique and meaningful piece.
One popular option is to incorporate birthstones into a custom-designed piece of jewellery. Our skilled designers can work with you to create a design that reflects your personal style and preferences, whilst showcasing the beauty of your birthstone.

Whether you prefer a simple and elegant pendant or a statement ring, we can bring your vision to life.
Another idea is to combine birthstones with other meaningful symbols or initials to create a personalised charm bracelet or necklace. This allows you to create a piece that not only represents your birth month but also celebrates other special people or moments in your life.

How to Care for Your Birthstone Jewellery

Taking proper care of your birthstone jewellery is essential to ensure its longevity and keep it looking its best. Here are some tips on how to care for your precious gemstone pieces:

1. Cleaning: Regularly clean your birthstone jewellery to remove dirt and oil buildup. Use a mild soap and warm water solution, and gently scrub the gemstone with a soft brush or cloth. Avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive materials that can damage the gemstone.
2. Storage: When you’re not wearing your birthstone jewellery, store it in a soft pouch or a separate compartment in a jewellery box to prevent scratching or damage. Avoid storing different gemstones together, as they can scratch each other.
3. Avoid exposure to harsh chemicals: Certain chemicals, such as chlorine and bleach, can damage or discolour gemstones. Remove your birthstone jewellery before swimming, cleaning, or using any household chemicals.
4. Protect from physical damage: Gemstones are susceptible to chips and scratches, so be mindful of wearing your birthstone jewellery during activities that may cause impact or abrasion. It’s a good idea to remove your jewellery when engaging in sports, gardening, or other physically demanding activities.
5. Regular inspections: Periodically inspect your birthstone jewellery for loose or damaged gemstones, as well as any signs of wear and tear. If you notice any issues, it’s best to take your jewellery to a professional jeweller for repair.

Final Thoughts and Invitation for a Personalised Consultation

At The Goldmarket, we believe that birthstone jewellery is not just about beautiful gems, but also about personal connection and meaningful stories. We understand that finding the perfect piece of jewellery to celebrate your birth month or commemorate a special moment can be a daunting task. That’s why we’re here to help.

We offer a range of options for personalising your birthstone jewellery, whether it’s custom-designing a piece from scratch or adding birthstone initials to an existing piece. You can also check out our extensive range of stock for something that catches your eye.

We pride ourselves on our craftsmanship and attention to detail, ensuring that every piece of jewellery we create or sell is of the highest quality. We also understand the importance of affordability, which is why we offer a range of options to suit every budget.

If you’re unsure about where to start or need guidance on the best design for your birthstone jewellery, we invite you to schedule a free consultation with our team. We’ll take the time to understand your preferences and provide you with a no-obligation quote. Let us help you create a piece of jewellery that is as unique as you are, and holds special meaning for years to come. Contact us on 01934 628361 or visit us at our Weston super Mare store. 

Choosing jewellery can be a daunting task. With so many styles, shapes, and materials, it can be difficult to know what to look for when making a purchase. That’s why we’ve compiled this list of 10 tips to help you make the right choice when choosing jewellery. From understanding the types of materials available to learning the basics of care and maintenance, these tips will give you the confidence to find the perfect piece of jewellery for any occasion.

1) Consider Your Personal Style

When it comes to choosing jewellery, your personal style should always be a top consideration. After all, the jewellery you wear is an extension of yourself and should reflect your unique taste and personality. Take a moment to think about the types of clothing, accessories, and overall aesthetic that you are drawn to. Do you prefer classic and timeless pieces, or do you lean more towards those that are bold and make a statement? 

Are you someone who likes dainty and delicate pieces, or do you prefer larger and more eye-catching designs? Consider your personal style and use it as a guide when selecting jewellery. This will ensure that what you choose not only complements your outfits but also makes you feel confident.

2) Determine the Occasion

When it comes to choosing jewellery, one important factor to consider is the occasion. Different occasions call for different styles and designs. For example, if you’re attending a formal event such as a wedding or a black-tie gala, you may want to opt for elegant and sophisticated pieces that complement your formal attire. On the other hand, if you’re going for a casual outing. say lunch with friends, you can choose more playful and trendy pieces that add a pop of color or sparkle to your outfit.

Consider the overall theme and feel of the occasion and the message you want to convey with your jewellery. Is it a professional event? A romantic date? A fun and festive gathering? Let the occasion guide your choice so that you can create a cohesive and appropriate look. Remember, the right jewellery can elevate your outfit and make you feel confident and stylish for any occasion.

3) Set a Budget

One important factor to consider when choosing jewellery is setting a budget. It’s easy to get carried away with all the beautiful pieces available, but determining how much you’re willing to spend will help narrow down your options and prevent any impulse purchases. Start by evaluating your financial situation and determining how much you can comfortably afford to spend.

Consider the occasion and purpose of the jewellery as well. Are you buying for a special event or simply to add to your collection? Once you have a budget in mind, stick to it and explore options within that range. Remember, there are stunning jewellery pieces available at various price points, so finding something within your budget doesn’t mean compromising on style or quality. By setting a budget, you’ll ensure a satisfying and guilt-free shopping experience.

4) Understand Different Metals

When it comes to choosing jewellery, understanding the different metals available is key. Each metal has its own unique characteristics and properties that can affect the overall look, durability, and price of the piece. 

One popular metal option is gold, which comes in various shades such as yellow, white, and rose. Gold is a classic choice that adds a touch of elegance and sophistication to any outfit. Another common metal is silver, known for its sleek and modern appearance. Silver jewellery is versatile and can be easily paired with both casual and formal attire. 

If you’re looking for a more affordable option, consider stainless steel or titanium. These metals are durable and resistant to tarnish, making them perfect for everyday wear. Platinum is another option known for its durability and purity. It has a unique white color and is often considered a more luxurious choice.

When choosing a metal, it’s important to consider your personal preferences, budget, and any allergies you may have. Ultimately, the right metal will enhance the beauty of your jewellery and ensure that it withstands the test of time.

5) Choose Your Gemstone

When it comes to choosing jewellery, one important decision you’ll need to make is the type of gemstone you want. Gemstones add colour, sparkle, and personality to pieces, making it truly unique and eye-catching. There are countless gemstone options available, each with their own special characteristics and meanings.

Start by considering what resonates with you. Are you drawn to vibrant and bold colours, or do you prefer more subtle and pastel hues? From deep red rubies to serene blue sapphires, there is a gemstone to match every preference.

Another factor to consider is the meaning behind the gemstone. Different gemstones are associated with various qualities and symbolism. For example, emeralds are often associated with love and prosperity, while amethysts are believed to bring peace and tranquility.

Lastly, consider the durability and maintenance of the gemstone. Some stones are more delicate and may require extra care, while others are more resilient and can withstand everyday wear.

Ultimately, choosing the right gemstone is a personal choice that reflects your individual style and preferences. Whether you opt for a classic diamond or a vibrant gemstone, your choice will add a touch of personality and beauty to your jewellery collection.

6) Take Into Account Your Skin Tone

When choosing jewellery, it’s important to take your skin tone into account. The right metal and gemstone can truly enhance your natural beauty and complement your skin tone, while the wrong choice can leave you looking washed out or mismatched. 

For those with warm undertones, such as golden or olive skin, metals like gold, copper, and brass are a great choice. These metals bring out the warmth in your skin and add a radiant glow. Gemstones like citrine, amber, and garnet also work well with warm undertones.

If you have cool undertones, like fair or rosy skin, metals like silver, white gold, and platinum are your best bet. These metals complement the coolness in your skin and create a harmonious look. Gemstones like sapphire, amethyst, and emerald also pair beautifully with cool undertones.

Neutral undertones have the luxury of being able to wear both warm and cool tones. Metals like rose gold, stainless steel, and platinum all work well with neutral undertones. Gemstones like diamonds, pearls, and opals also suit neutral skin tones.

By considering your skin tone when choosing jewellery, you can ensure that every piece you wear enhances your natural beauty and leaves you feeling confident and radiant.

7) Think About the Jewellery’s Maintenance

It’s essential to think about the maintenance required to keep it looking its best. Different materials and gemstones have specific care instructions that you need to follow to ensure their longevity and beauty.

For metals like gold and silver, regular cleaning with a soft cloth and mild soap can help remove dirt and oils that accumulate over time but professional cleaning should be considered. Avoid harsh chemicals and abrasive materials that can scratch or damage the metal. It’s also important to store your jewellery properly, preferably in a box or pouch to prevent tangling or scratching.

Gemstones may require additional care. Some stones, like opals and pearls, are delicate and can be easily damaged by chemicals, moisture, and excessive heat. Others, like diamonds and sapphires, are more durable but still benefit from regular cleaning and occasional professional maintenance.

Understanding the specific maintenance needs of your jewellery will ensure that it stays looking beautiful for years to come. Don’t forget to check for any warranties or guarantees that may come with your purchase, as these can provide added peace of mind and assistance with maintenance and repairs.

8) Look for Quality Craftsmanship

One of the most important factors to consider is how the piece is made. The quality of craftsmanship can greatly impact the durability and overall aesthetic. Look for jewellery that is well-made with attention to detail. Check for smooth edges, secure clasps, and sturdy settings. 

A well-crafted piece will not only last longer but also give you confidence in its ability to withstand everyday wear and tear. Additionally, quality craftsmanship ensures that it will look beautiful and polished, adding a touch of sophistication to any outfit. When shopping for jewellery, take the time to examine the craftsmanship and choose pieces that are made with care and precision. This way, you’ll be investing in pieces that will truly stand the test of time.

9) Check for Certification and Authenticity

When purchasing jewellery, it’s important to check for certification and authenticity. This ensures that you’re getting a genuine and high-quality piece. Look for certifications from reputable organisations or brands that guarantee the authenticity of the jewellery. For example, diamonds should come with a certificate from the Gemological Association of Great Britain or other recognised gemstone grading labs. These certificates provide detailed information about the gemstone’s quality and characteristics. 

In addition to certifications, look for hallmarks or stamps that indicate the metal’s purity and quality. For example, gold should have a hallmark that indicates the gold content, such as 18K or 14K. These markings provide assurance that the jewellery meets certain quality standards. 

When purchasing gemstone jewellery, ask for information about the origin and treatment of the gemstone. Certain gemstones, like emeralds and rubies, often undergo treatments to enhance their color or clarity. It’s important to know if a gemstone has been treated and whether it may require special care or maintenance. 

By checking for certification and authenticity, you can be confident that what you’re purchasing is genuine, high-quality, and worth the investment.

10) Trust Your Gut Feeling

When it comes to choosing jewellery, sometimes your gut feeling can be the best guide. Trust your instincts and listen to your inner voice when making a decision. While it’s important to consider all the practical aspects, such as budget, occasion, and maintenance, don’t ignore your personal preferences and intuition. 

Sometimes, a piece of jewellery may not tick all the boxes on your checklist, but it just feels right when you try it on. It might be the way it catches the light, the way it makes you feel, or simply a gut feeling that it’s meant to be. Don’t be afraid to take a leap of faith and choose the piece that speaks to your heart.

Jewellery is meant to be a personal expression of yourself, and your gut feeling can guide you to find the perfect piece that resonates with your soul. So go ahead, trust your instincts, and let your gut feeling be your ultimate guide in choosing the jewellery that will make you shine.

If you would like help choosing the perfect piece, or perhaps are considering having something special commissioned, we would be only too happy to help. Call us on 01934 628361 or visit our store at 23 High Street, Weston super Mare.


There are no hard and fast rules when it comes to wearing jewellery, For some, it is all about personal choice with no rules, while others like to make sure everything is exactly as it should be. We take a look at some general guidelines that can help you create a stylish and coordinated look.

Match the Metal

The most common metals for jewellery are gold, silver, and platinum. It’s generally best to stick to one metal per outfit, but you can mix if you do it carefully. For example, you could wear a gold necklace with silver earrings or a platinum bracelet with a gold ring if you wanted to. 

Many people prefer to stick to one colour metal. You could match platinum with white gold and silver – in these cases, no one can tell that your metal is different (unless, like us, they are trained experts). It becomes a little trickier when matching different colours like rose gold and yellow gold. Rose gold will go much better with platinum or white gold than it will with yellow. 

Consider the Colour of Your Clothing

When choosing jewellery, it’s also a good idea to consider the colours of your outfit. If you’re wearing a lot of bright colours, you can be more creative with your jewellery. But if you’re wearing more neutral colours, you might want to choose more understated pieces. 

Different metals work best with different colours too

  • Silver jewellery is a classic choice that goes well with a variety of colours, including black, navy, and gray. It can also be worn with lighter colours, but it will be more noticeable.
  • Gold is a warmer colour that goes well with warmer tones, such as brown, orange, and red. It can also be worn with neutral colours, but it will be more noticeable.
  • Platinum is a silvery-white metal that is similar to silver, but it is more expensive. It goes well with a variety of colours, but it is especially flattering with black and white clothing.
  • Colourful jewelry can be a great way to add some personality to your outfit. When choosing bolder pieces, it is important to consider the colors of your clothing and your skin tone. For example, if you have fair skin, you might want to choose jewellery with cooler colours, such as blue or green. If you have dark skin, you might want to choose warmer tones, such as red or orange.

Pay Attention to the Neckline of Your Clothing

The neckline of your clothing can also affect the way jewelry looks. For example, a long necklace will look best with a low neckline, while a shorter necklace will look better with a higher neckline. With some necklaces, it is advisable to forgo the necklace as it can look a little cluttered. 

Don’t Overdo it

It’s important not to overdo it. Too much jewellery can be overwhelming and detract from your outfit. A good rule of thumb is to choose one or two statement pieces and then add some more subtle pieces to complement them.

Tips for Wearing Different Types of Jewellery

  • Necklaces can be a great way to add length and definition to your outfit. They can also help to draw attention to your face. When choosing a necklace, consider the neckline of your clothing and the length of the necklace. A long necklace will look best with a low neckline, while a shorter one will look better with a higher neckline.
  • Earrings are a great way to add personality to your outfit. They can also help to balance out your face shape. When choosing earrings, consider the shape of your face and the style of your outfit. For example, if you have a round face, you might want to choose earrings that are long and dangling.
  • Bracelets can add a touch of glamour to your outfit. They can also be used to stack different pieces together for a more unique look. When choosing bracelets, consider the style of your outfit and the metal you want to wear.
  • Rings are a classic piece of jewellery that can be worn for any occasion. They can be used to add a touch of sparkle to your outfit or to make a statement. When choosing rings, consider the size of your fingers and the style of your outfit.

Ultimately, the best way to choose the items that best suit the look is to experiment and find what works best for you. There are no right or wrong answers, so have fun with it and see what you can create!

Why not come along to The Goldmarket and discover our extensive range of jewellery. We have lots in stock but if we don’t have what you are looking for, we can often source it for you. We also offer a bespoke design and creation service so you could commission us to make something special.


The engagement ring is a symbol of love and commitment that has been around for centuries. The tradition of giving an engagement ring can be traced back to ancient Egypt, where rings were given as a sign of ownership. In Roman times, rings were also given as a symbol of marriage, and the tradition continued throughout the Middle Ages.

Why Diamonds?

In the 15th century, diamonds became the most popular gemstone for engagement rings. This was due in part to the discovery of large diamond deposits in Brazil, which made diamonds more accessible and affordable. The first recorded diamond engagement ring was given in 1477 by Archduke Maximillian of Austria to his betrothed, Mary of Burgundy.

ancient ring

Unique Ancient Bronze Stone Ring, Excavated Artifact, 13th-17th Century AD.

The popularity of diamond engagement rings continued to grow in the 16th and 17th centuries. During this time, it became customary for the groom to spend one month’s salary on an engagement ring. This tradition still holds true today, although the cost of engagement rings has increased significantly in recent years.

Popularity Grew

In the 19th century, the engagement ring became even more popular as a symbol of love and commitment. This was due in part to the rise of the romantic novel, which often featured engagement rings as a sign of the hero’s love for the heroine.

The tradition of giving an engagement ring has continued to this day, and it remains one of the most popular ways to propose marriage. While the style and cost of engagement rings have changed over the years, the meaning of the ring has remained the same: it is a symbol of love, commitment, and a promise for the future.

Let’s take a look at some of the key moments in the history of the engagement ring:

  • Ancient Egypt: Rings were given as a sign of ownership.
  • Roman Empire: Rings were given as a symbol of marriage.
  • 15th century: Diamonds became the most popular gemstone for engagement rings.
  • 16th and 17th centuries: It became customary for the groom to spend one month’s salary on an engagement ring.
  • 19th century: The engagement ring became even more popular as a symbol of love and commitment.
  • 20th century: The diamond engagement ring became the standard in Western cultures.
  • 21st century: Engagement rings continue to be popular, but there is more variety in style and cost.

The Different Types of Engagement Ring

Solitaire: A solitaire engagement ring features a single center stone, which is usually a diamond. This is the most classic and popular style of engagement ring.

Halo: A halo engagement ring features a center stone surrounded by a halo of smaller diamonds. This style is popular because it makes the center stone look larger and more glamorous.

Three-stone: A three-stone engagement ring features three stones, usually a larger center stone flanked by two smaller stones. This style is symbolic of the past, present, and future.

Pavé: A pavé engagement ring features a band that is set with small diamonds or other gemstones. This style is popular because it is very sparkly and eye-catching.

Eternity: An eternity engagement ring features a band that is set with diamonds or other gemstones all the way around. This style is symbolic of eternal love. Usually given on the birth of a child or for a significant occasion however, they can be used as engagement ring. 

Additional factors to consider when choosing an engagement ring:

  • The size and shape of the center stone will have a big impact on the overall look of the ring. If you want a classic look, you might choose a round brilliant diamond. If you want something more unique, you might choose a pear-shaped diamond or an emerald-cut diamond.
  • The metal band of the ring can also affect the overall look. The most popular metal bands are platinum, gold, and silver. Platinum is the most durable metal, while gold is the most affordable. Silver is a good option if you are looking for a more casual look.
  • The setting of the ring refers to how the center stone is mounted in the band. There are many different settings available, such as prong, bezel, and cathedral. The setting will affect the way the light reflects off of the center stone, so it is important to choose a setting that you think looks good.
  • The budget: Engagement rings can range in price from a few hundred dollars to several thousand dollars. It is important to set a budget before you start shopping so that you do not overspend.

The Future of the Engagement Ring

It is impossible to say for sure what the future holds for the engagement ring. However, it is likely that the tradition will continue to evolve. As new gemstones become available and new trends emerge, engagement rings will continue to change. However, the meaning of the ring is likely to remain the same: it is a symbol of love, commitment, and a promise for the future.


The engagement ring is a symbol with a long and rich history. It is a symbol of love, commitment, and a promise for the future. While the style and cost of engagement rings have changed over the years, the meaning of the ring has remained the same. It is a tradition that is likely to continue for many years to come.

If you are looking for something special, perhaps a bespoke design, we can help. In addition to having many engagement rings in stock here at The Goldmarket, we can also help you create your very own individual design. 


Gemstones have been prized for their beauty and rarity for centuries. They are used in jewellery, adornments, and religious ceremonies around the world. But what is it about gemstones that makes them so special, and so sought after?

What makes gemstones unique?

There are a number of factors that make gemstones unique: 

They are all-natural minerals, which means that they were formed over millions of years by the Earth’s geological processes. This gives them a unique beauty and character that is unlike anything else in nature. 

Gemstones are often very rare. This is because the conditions necessary for their formation are very specific. For example, diamonds are formed deep underground under extreme heat and pressure. This makes them one of the rarest and most precious gemstones in the world.

They come in a wide variety of colours, which is another thing that makes them so special. The colour of a gemstone is determined by the presence of certain impurities in the mineral. For example, the red colour of rubies is caused by the presence of chromium, while the blue colour of sapphires is caused by the presence of titanium. In actual fact, they are both varieties of corundum. Ruby is red corundum and gets is colour from the presence of chromium. All other varieties of corundum are classed as sapphire which may contain a mix of chromium, titanium and iron traces. 

There are four main precious gemstones 

As well as the aforementioned diamonds, sapphires and rubies, emeralds are the fourth of the main precious gemstones. 

Emeralds are a type of gemstone, coloured green by trace amounts of chromium or vanadium. They are a variety of the mineral beryl, which also includes aquamarine and morganite. They are typically found in shades of green, ranging from yellow-green to blue-green. The most desirable emeralds have a medium to dark tone and a vivid saturation of color. 

The price of a precious gemstone is determined by a number of factors, including its size, color, clarity, and cut. 

Some believe they have special powers

In addition to their beauty and rarity, gemstones are also believed to have special powers. For centuries, people have believed that gemstones can bring good luck, health, and protection. There is no scientific evidence to support these claims, but they continue to be popular beliefs.

Whether you believe in their magical properties or not, there is no denying that gemstones are truly special objects. They are a reminder of the beauty and power of nature, and they have been cherished by people for centuries.

Interesting facts about gemstones:

  • The hardest gemstone is the diamond, with a Mohs hardness of 10. The softest gemstone is talc, with a Mohs hardness of 1.
  • The most expensive gemstone is the blue diamond. The Hope Diamond, a 45.52-carat blue diamond, is estimated to be worth over $250 million.
  • The most popular gemstone in the world is the diamond. Diamonds are used in engagement rings and other jewellery all over the world.
  • Gemstones can be used for healing purposes. Some people believe that gemstones can help to improve health, promote well-being, and protect against negative energy.
  • Gemstones can also be used for meditation and spiritual practices. Some people believe that gemstones can help to connect with the divine and promote spiritual growth.

Did you know? More than 50% of the world’s emeralds come from Columbia. 

Sure, here is a UK gemstone blog post:

The prettiest gemstones in the UK

The UK is home to some of the most beautiful gemstones in the world. From the deep blue of the Scottish sapphires to the fiery red of the Cornish rubies, there is a gemstone for everyone to love.

Here are a few of the prettiest gemstones found in the UK:

  • Scottish Sapphires: Scottish sapphires are known for their deep blue color and their clarity. They are often used in jewelry and are considered to be one of the most valuable gemstones in the world.
  • Cornish Rubies: Cornish rubies are known for their rich red color and their durability. They are often used in jewelry and are considered to be one of the most valuable gemstones in the UK.
  • Lakeland Greenstones: Lakeland Greenstones are known for their unique green color and their rarity. They are often used in jewelry and are considered to be one of the most collectible gemstones in the UK.
  • Devonshire Diamonds: Devonshire diamonds are known for their small size and their clarity. They are often used in jewelry and are considered to be one of the most affordable gemstones in the UK.
  • Yorkshire Jet: Yorkshire jet is a type of black gemstone that is known for its deep color and its ability to polish to a high shine. It is often used in jewelry and is considered to be one of the most unique gemstones in the UK.

The national gemstone of England

While the UK does not have an official national gemstone, the Koh-i-Noor diamond is often considered to be the unofficial gemstone of England. The Koh-i-Noor is a 105.6 carat diamond that is believed to have originated in India. It has been owned by several different rulers over the centuries, including the Mughal Empire, the British East India Company, and the British Crown. The Koh-i-Noor is currently on display in the Tower of London.


The Koh i Noor diamond sits in the front cross of St Marys Crown worn for the coronation of Queen Camilla

At The Goldmarket, we stock a variety of gemstone jewellery from exquisite diamond, sapphire, ruby and emerald pieces to amethyst, topaz and amber. We can create bespoke pieces using the gemstones of your choice and can also undertake a variety of repairs. For more information come in and see us at 23 High Street, Weston super Mare or call us on 01934 628361. 


Gold – in essence it’s a metal, a chemical element that is found in the ground. But why is gold so valuable, why does it incite such fascination and how did it become to be as coveted as it is today?

What is Gold?

Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au and atomic number 79. It is a bright, slightly orange-yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal in pure form. Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element.

The History of Gold?

Gold has been known and used by humans for thousands of years. The earliest known use of this precious metal dates back to 4000 BC, when it was used to make jewellery and other decorative items. It was also used as a form of currency in many early civilisations, including the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans.

In the Middle Ages, gold became increasingly important as a form of currency. The coins were minted in many countries, and gold was used to pay for goods and services. It also became a symbol of wealth and power, and was often used to decorate royal palaces and temples.

In the 19th century, gold was discovered in California and Australia. This led to a gold rush, as people flocked to these regions in search of fortune. Gold also became an important commodity in the industrial revolution, as it was used to make electrical wiring, jewellery, and other products.

In the 20th century, gold’s value fluctuated significantly. It reached a high point in the 1970s, when it was used as a hedge against inflation. However, its value declined in the 1980s and 1990s. In recent years, gold’s value has increased, as investors have seen it as a safe haven asset during times of economic turmoil.

Today, gold is still used as a form of currency in some countries, but it is more commonly used as an investment. Gold is also used to make jewellery, coins, and other decorative items. Its unique properties, such as its malleability, ductility, and resistance to corrosion, make it an ideal material for these applications.

Here are some of the key events in the history of gold:

  • 4000 BC: Gold is first used to make jewellery and other decorative items.
  • 3000 BC: Gold is used as a form of currency in Egypt.
  • 2000 BC: Gold is used as a form of currency in Greece and Rome.
  • 1000 AD: Gold is used to make coins in China and India.
  • 1500 AD: Gold is discovered in the Americas.
  • 1848: Gold is discovered in California, sparking the California Gold Rush.
  • 1851: Gold is discovered in Australia, sparking the Australian Gold Rush.
  • 1970s: Gold reaches a high point in value, as it is used as a hedge against inflation.
  • 1980s: Gold’s value declines.
  • 1990s: Gold’s value declines further.
  • 2000s: Gold’s value begins to increase.
  • 2010s: Gold’s value continues to increase.

Why is Gold so Valuable?

Given as it is just a piece of metal, how has it become so valuable. Why for example, does it hold more value than silver, iron, copper and other metals? Here are a few reasons:

  • Rare is a relatively rare metal, it is difficult to find and extract.
  • Durable, meaning that it withstands and awful lot.
  • Beautiful with a bright, yellow colour that is highly prized for jewellery and other decorative items.
  • Malleable, meaning it can be easily shaped and moulded into different forms.
  • Conductive: a good conductor of electricity, making it useful in electronics and other applications.
  • Non-toxic, which makes it safe to use in jewellery and other items that come into contact with the skin.

Why is it considered a good investment?

  • A hedge against inflation: Gold prices tend to rise when inflation is high. This is because gold is seen as a store of value that will not lose its purchasing power in the same way that fiat currencies can.
  • A safe haven asset: Gold is often considered a safe haven asset, meaning that it tends to hold its value or even rise in value during times of economic turmoil. This is because gold is not subject to the same economic factors as other assets, such as stocks and bonds.
  • It has a limited supply: The supply of gold is limited, which means that there is a finite amount of gold available to invest in. This can help to keep gold prices relatively stable over time.

The Risks of Investing

Of course, there are also some risks associated with investing in gold. These include:

  • High volatility: Gold prices can be volatile, meaning that they can fluctuate significantly in a short period of time. This can make it difficult to predict how much your investment will be worth in the future.
  • High storage costs: Gold is a physical asset, which means that it can be expensive to store and insure.
  • Illiquidity: Gold can be illiquid, meaning that it can be difficult to sell quickly if you need to access your investment.

Most Valuable Gold Ever Found

The most valuable gold ever found is the Pepita Canaã, a 60.8-kilogram lump of gold unearthed in Brazil during the Serra Pelada Gold Rush in the early 1980s. It is estimated to be worth over $2.8 million at today’s gold prices.

The Pepita Canaã was found by a miner named Valdir Pereira, who was working in a small mining operation in the Serra Pelada region of Brazil. Pereira was using a shovel to clear away some dirt when he hit something hard. He dug further and found the Pepita Canaã, which is Portuguese for “Canaã nugget.”

The Pepita Canaã is a large, irregular-shaped lump of gold. It is estimated to be worth over $2.8 million at today’s gold prices. The Pepita Canaã is on display at the Banco Central Museum in Brasília, Brazil.

pepita canaa

Photo courtesy

Here are some other notable gold finds:

  • The King Henry, or RNC Minerals 1, ‘nugget’: This giant specimen was found in 2018 in the Beta Hunt mine, near Kambalda in Western Australia, by RNC Minerals employee Henry Dole. It weighs 93 kilograms and has an estimated gold content of 45 kilograms. Its precious metals content would be worth about USD 2.4 million at today’s gold price.
  • The Staffordshire Hoard: This Anglo-Saxon treasure trove, discovered in 2009, contains over 4,300 gold and silver objects, including coins, jewellery, and weapons. It is estimated to be worth over £3.3 million.
  • The Atocha: This Spanish galleon was shipwrecked off the coast of Florida in 1622. The wreck was discovered in 1985 and has yielded over 500,000 gold and silver coins, as well as other artefacts. The Atocha treasure is estimated to be worth over $500 million.

Overall, gold is a valuable asset that can be a good investment for some people. However, it is important to understand the risks involved before investing in gold.

At The Goldmarket, we have bought and sold gold for many years and we happen to know a lot about this popular commodity including it’s value in today’s market. If you have unwanted gold to sell, pop it along and let us give you a price for it.

Ahead of one of the most bejeweled events to have been witnessed in a number of years, the Coronation of King Charles III and Queen Consort Camilla promises to be full of the usual pomp and pageantry that we, as a nation, cannot help but be beguiled by. We take a look at the regalia involved in the day and delve a little deeper into the history and facts behind some of the key pieces of the Crown Jewels. 

All photos sourced and credited to Royal Collection Trust 

The Crown Jewels

Consisting of 142 objects which include seven sovereign crowns and 6 consort crowns, the Crown Jewels collection is made up of so many artefacts ranging from the 12th century to the more modern Elizabethan age. These pieces are usually on display behind secure, toughened glass at The Tower of London however, ahead of the Coronation, they have been moved, not least so that King Charles III can actually practice bearing the weight of St Edward’s Crown. 

St Edward’s Crown

At the centre of the Crown Jewels collection is St Edward’s Crown which will be the one used to crown Charles III at the forthcoming coronation.

st edwards crown

Photo credit – Royal Collection Trust

Designed and produced for King Charles II in 1661, this crown was made as a replacement for a medieval crown which had been melted down in 1649. 

It weighs a whopping 2.23kg and there have been monarchs that have been unable to carry its weight. Queen Elizabeth wore it only for a few moments at her coronation.

It is made of 22ct gold and is decorated with 444 semi precious and precious gemstones. 

After 1689 it was not used to crown a monarch until 1911 when King George V revived the tradition.

The Imperial State Crown

Once the ceremony is over, the King will swap St Edward’s Crown for the Imperial State Crown. This is the crown he will wear as he exits the Abbey. Many will be familiar with this crown as it was the one that was placed on the top of Queen Elizabeth II’s coffin. 

Photo credit – Royal Collection Trust

This crown was made for King Edward’s Coronation in 1937 and features three large stones, 2,868 diamonds in silver mounts as well as 17 sapphires, 11 emeralds, and 269 pearls in gold mounts. 

It famously features the Cullinan II diamond which is also known as the Second Star of Africa. 

The Queen Consort’s Crown

Camilla, the Queen Consort, will wear a crown made by Garrard that was produced for Queen Mary when she was crowned Queen Consort in 1911 at the Coronation of King George V. This silver framed crown is lined with gold and is set with 2,200 diamonds.

Photo credit – Royal Collection Trust

This crown, produced in 1937 for the coronation of Queen Mary has not been worn by a Queen Consort since – it is the first time a consort crown will have been reused since Queen Caroline’s coronation in the 18th century.

The Sovereign’s Ring

The Sovereign’s Ring was produced in 1831 by Rundell Bridge & Rundell and is placed on the fourth finger of the monarch by the Archbishop of Canterbury during the coronation ceremony.

Photo Credit – Royal Collection Trust

Each sovereign since Edward VII has used the ring which was originally commissioned for William IV – traditionally sovereigns always had a new ring made however since , it is customary for this one to be used. Traditionally always belonging to the monarch and kept in their own private collection. This particular ring was given to the crown in 1901 by Queen Victoria and snow forms part of the Crown Jewels collection.

The Sovereign’s ring consists of a mixed-cut octagonal sapphire which is set in gold and overlaid with four rectangular-cut and one square-cut rubies. These are butted together in a gold strip setting to form a cross with a border of 14 cushion-shaped diamonds and a diamond on each shoulder, with a gold hoop.

The Sovereign’s Orb

Symbolising the Christian world, with its cross on the top and its globe shape, the Sovereign’s Orb represents the sovereign’s power. The band of jewels around the middle of the globe divides it into three sections to represent the continents that were recognised in medieval times. 

sovereigns orb

Photo Credit Royal Collection Trust

The orb is mounted with clusters of jewels – emeralds, rubies and sapphires which are surrounded by rose-cut diamonds and single rows of pearls. The cross is set with rose-cut diamonds. On one side in the centre is an emerald, on the other a sapphire with pearls at the angels and the end of each arm.

This piece is a key part of the coronation ceremony as it is placed in the right hand of the monarch as they are invested. 

The Sceptres

As the sovereign is the head of the Church of England, the sceptres will represent the King’s spiritual role. The dove on the top of the Sovereign’s Sceptre with Dove, represents the Holy Ghost. Also known as the Rod of Equity and Mercy, this is one of two sceptres that will be presented to the King Charles III during the ceremony. The other, the Sovereign’s Sceptre with Cross is topped by a cross to represent temporal power. 

Photo Credit – Royal Collection Trust

The entire collection features 23,578 stones which include the Cullinan diamonds I and II, the Koh-i-Noor, Black Prince’s Ruby, Stuart Sapphire and St Edward’s Sapphire. The oldest piece within the collection is a 12th century spoon, the most recent, Elizabeth II’s Armills added in 1953.

The current owner of the Crown Jewels is Charles III in right of the crown.